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Engineering physics at Lehigh University, 1926-1930; graduate work in physics at University of Wisconsin, 1930-1934; Ann Arbor summer school, 1934; reputation and major interests of theoretical group at University of California at Berkeley, mid-1930s; nuclear force studies; migrations of Berkeley theorists to Caltech; major discoveries during 1930s, their communication through journals; interactions between Berkeley experimentalists and theorists in 1930s; influence of cosmic ray and astrophysics research on nuclear physics; beta decay; betatrons and synchotrons, pre- and postwar; significance of fission; contributions of war research to nuclear theory and techniques; end of war planning for higher energy accelerators; mission to Hiroshima and Nagasaki, 1945; accelerator improvements, straight sections, and phase stability, mid-1940s; effect of higher energy experiments on nuclear structure theory, postwar to early 1950s; development of the optical model after 1949; the stripping reaction; motivations for shifting into particle research in early 1950s; reactions to the revived shell model; collective model; leading centers and scientists, and major discoveries, 1945-1950; development of scattering theory and many-body theory. Also prominently mentioned are: Luis Walter Alvarez, Hans Albrecht Bethe, Niels Henrik David Bohr, Keith Allan Brueckner, Butler, Karl Kelchner Darrow, Leo Delsasso, John R. Dunning, Enrico Fermi, Herman Feshbach, William Alfred Fowler, Gerson Goldhaber, Maurice Goldhaber, Raymond George Herb, Robert Jastrow, Fritz Kalckar, Donald W. Kerst, Giulio (Cesar) Lattes, Charles Christian Lauritsen, Ernest Orlando Lawrence, Gilbert Newton Lewis, Maria Goeppert Mayer, Edwin Mattison McMillan, Benjamin R. Mottelson, J. Robert Oppenheimer, James Rainwater, Llewellyn Hilleth Thomas, Vladimir Iosifovich Veksler, Victor Frederick Weisskopf, Milton Grandison White, Eugene Paul Wigner, Robert Rathbun Wilson, Ta-You Wu, Hideki Yukawa; California Institute of Technology, Comptes Rendus, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Università di Roma, University of California at Berkeley, University of Chicago, University of Illinois, and University of Wisconsin at Madison.
Early education, Real-gymnasium; Universität Berlin, 1930; early interest in physics; courses, books studied, method of noting original ideas; University of Cambridge, 1933; first formal paper on nuclear physics; reaction in Berlin to discovery of neutron, colloquium of Lise Meitner; beta decay and the neutrino hypothesis; working habits at Cavendish Laboratory; collaboration with James Chadwick; photodisintegration of the deuteron; work with slow neutrons; circumstances of move to U.S., 1938; consequences of death of Ernest Rutherford on research at Cavendish Laboratory; use of proportional counters, oscilloscopes, nuclear emulsions in mid-1930s; important centers of research, publications; early failures to recognize fission; ways of determining nuclear spin; comparison of available equipment, technology in England and U.S.; comparison of motivations for doing experiments in 1930s and at present; nuclear models, conditions for acceptance, usefulness; distinctions between nuclear structure and nuclear forces as areas of study; money as a determinant of possible experiments; World War II as a determinant of work in nuclear physics; postwar work in nuclear physics; improvements in detectors and techniques ca. 1950; origin of high-energy physics; mobility of physicists among fields of study; postwar conferences, Shelter Island, Rochester; separation of belief from established results in pedagogy; current capabilities of theory in nuclear physics. Also includes an 8-page bibliography. Also prominently mentioned are: Niels Henrik David Bohr, Chang, John Cockcroft, Critchfield, Sydney Michael Dancoff, P. I. Dee, P. A. M. Dirac, Enrico Fermi, George Gamow, Gertrude Goldhaber, Gordy, Frédéric Joliot-Curie, I. V. Kurchatov, Ernest Orlando Lawrence, Douglas Lea, Alfred Loomis, Lothar Nordheim, Nutt, Wolfgang Pauli, Rudolf Ernst Peierls, Isidor Isaac Rabi, Rosenblum, Robert Green Sachs, Max Schiffer, Erwin Schrödinger, Emilio Gino Segrè, David Shoenberg, Esther Simpson, Leo Szilard; American Physical Society, Columbia University, Magdalen College (University of Oxford), Manhattan Project, Trinity College (University of Cambridge), University of Illinois, and University of Rochester.