Displaying 1 - 10 of total 17 results:
Early life in California, undergraduate work at Caltech (1947-51), graduate work at Caltech in physics and astronomy, including work at Mt Wilson-Palomar (1951-54), Accounts of Palomar sky survey (1953-56) and work on galaxies Impressions of instructors, among them Rubble, Zwicky, Baade, Minkowski Abell joined UCLA astronomy department in 1956 and describes its history, faculty, and expansion Discussion of Abell’s professional interest in popularization of astronomy since 1960’s (textbook, BBC-Open University work, campaign against astrology, summer science program) and technical work on super-clusters and cosmology.
Childhood and unconventional early education; Harvard University: impressions of courses and social climate; Caltech, Mt. Wilson, comments on Walter Baade and background of Baade’s theory; differences between astronomy and astrophysics; early professional career work on Magellanic clouds; interest in peculiar galaxies, Viktor A. Ambartsumian at the 1957 Solvay Conference; Fritz Zwicky; Atlas of Peculiar Galaxies; comments on published papers: Distribution of Quasars compared to Maarten Schmidt’s work with similar title; Edoard Stephan’s quintet; work on discrepant red shift with respect to the Friedman universe; future research interest, non-professional interests. Also prominently mentioned are: Basch, Bart Jan Bok, Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, William Alfred Fowler, Jesse Leonard Greenstein, Edwin Powell Hubble, Milton Lasell Humason, Bernard Lovell, Rudolph Leo Bernhard Minkowski, Jan Hendrik Oort, Edison Petit, Robert Richardson, Allan Sandage, Maarten Schmidt, Harlow Shapley, Dick Stoy, Vanderlaan, Gerard Henri de Vaucouleurs; Atlas of Peculiar Galaxies, Institut de Physique at Solvay, and United States Navy.
In this interview, Horace Babcock discusses how the field of astrophysics has changed over the course of his career. Topics discussed include: research administration; Mount Wilson Observatory; Ira S. Bowen; National Science Foundation; California Institute of Technology; stellar evolution; photomultiplier tubes; Joel Stebbins; Albert E. Whitford; Gerald Kron; Allan Sandage; Martin Schwarzschild; spectrographs; radio astronomy; x-ray astronomy; galactic evolution; stellar material; Robert McMath; societies; American Astronomical Society; International Astronomical Union; Jan Oort; Theodore Dunham Jr.; Alexander Pogo.
In this interview, Geoffrey Burbidge discusses his life and career. Topics discussed include: his family and childhood; Bristol University; Nevill Mott; University College, London; Harrie Massey; David Robert Bates; theoretical physics seminars at Cambridge University; Richard Feymnan; Freeman Dyson; Dick Dalitz; Abdus Salam; Nicholas Kemmer; becoming interested in astronomy and astrophysics via Margaret Burbidge; Royal Astronomical Society; Clive Gregory; research into stellar parallax, stellar atmospheres; Herbert Dingle; Auger effect; Otto Struve; Harvard University; Bart Bok; Donald Menzel; Harlow Shapley; Yerkes Observatory; development of radio astronomy; I. I. Rabi and big bang skepticism; Chandrasekhar; Gerard Kuiper; Enrico Fermi; Cavendish Laboratory, Martin Ryle; nucleosynthesis; Kapitza Club; Willie Fowler; Fred Hoyle; stellar evolution; steady state cosmology; red shift; Erwin Finlay-Freundlich; Max Born; Mount Wilson Observatory; Allan Sandage; Milt Humason; Ira Bowen; status at women at Hale observatories and at the California Institute of Technology (CalTech); Edwin Hubble; Walter Baade; synchrotron radiation; Rudolph Minkowski; Californium and supernovae; Halton Arp; Hans Suess; Vera Rubin's work on anisotropy; quasars; galaxy formation.
This interview with A. G. W. Cameron focuses on selected aspects of Cameron's research including nucleosynthesis and use of computers in research. Covers Cameron's different topics of research as well as various institutional appointments. Also comments on style of research and William Fowler's receipt of Nobel prize. Other topics discussed include: his family background and childhood, graduate work at the University of Saskatchewan, Leon Katz, photonuclear reactions, astrophysics, Paul Merrill, galactic evolution, Iowa State teaching nuclear physics, Chalk River, advising work for Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) and Department of Energy (DOE), hydrogen bomb, origin of the moon, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Stirling Colgate, nuclear astrophysics, teaching at Yale University, big bang theory, Harvard Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Fred Whipple, Leo Goldberg, Hans Suess, Harold Urey, William Fowler, Fred Hoyle, Geoffrey Burbidge, California Institute of Technology, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
Childhood experiences and working with father to fix things; building telescopes as a boy; early reading in astronomy and cosmology; early preference for steady state model; education at Rice and Caltech; thesis on correlation functions of galaxies; building an analog computer as a graduate student; reasons for building instruments; building a silicon-intensified target vidicon spectrograph; contributing to bringing CCDs to astronomy; importance of hands-on experience in observational astronomy; new questions in cosmology made relevant by the inflationary universe model; too many theoretical frameworks in cosmology today; attitudes toward the inflationary universe model, the flatness problem, the horizon problem, and the anthropic principle; attitude toward de Lapparent, Geller, and Huchra’s work on large-scale inhomogeneity’s; Cornell work on inhomogeneity’s; over interpretation of data; use of mental pictures in science; interaction of theory and observation in cosmology; the balance between observations and speculation in science; the ideal design for a universe; the question of whether the universe has a point; the conflict between big science and little science.
This interview discusses John Huchra's childhood interest in science and early reading in science; education at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT); education at California Institute of Technology (Caltech); move from theory to experiment at Caltech; importance of politics and Vietnam War in choosing an area of science; work on the Palomar supernova search; wide range of courses at Caltech; what questions should be asked in science; early experience with telescopes and observational astronomy; hands-on experience in astronomy; work on comets; work on galaxies; introduction to cosmology and relativity; journal club at Caltech; application for jobs after Caltech; initial idea to measure red shifts for a large sample of galaxies; work with Trinh Thuan; Huchra's world view and how his science fits in with it; role of theory in astronomy; value of the Hubble constant; origin of the infrared Tully-Fisher program; reaction to discovery of the result that the universe is much younger than previously believed; rechecking result; roles of theory and observation in science; attitude toward wide-spread belief in a flat universe; attitude toward the inflationary universe model; Jim Peebles's "school" of cosmological thinking; attitude toward the flatness problem; ideal design of the universe.
In this interview, Allan Sandage discusses his work with Edwin Hubble. Topics discussed include: California Institute of Technology; astronomy; Carnegie Observatories; photographic photometry; Rudolph Minkowski; variable stars; Cepheids; Mount Wilson Observatory; classification of galaxies; galactic distances; Milton Humason; Walter Baade; Henrietta Swope; red shift; Richard C. Tolman; H. P. Robertson; Grace Hubble; Knut Lundmark.
Parental background; early interest in science and experience looking through friend's telescope in the fourth grade; feeling of compulsion as a child to go into science; sense of duty inherited from parents; early reading in science; pleasure of solving problems in science; education at Miami University and influential teachers there; experience in the Navy in 1944 and 1945; education at University of illinois; learning observational techniques from Robert Baker; getting into Caltech; attraction of the new 200-inch telescope; attraction of Edwin Hubble and Walter Baade; Sandage's intention of being an apprentice; Sandage's childhood feelings that the world was spirit and magic and the disappearance of those feelings upon entering Caltech; education at Caltech; equations became reality at Caltech; the mystery of science; Ph.D. work with Baade on finding and fitting main sequences in globular clusters; history of motives of work with Martin Schwarzschild on dating globular clusters; apprenticeship with Hubble on the 200-inch telescope; Sandage's later monopoly of the 200-inch after Hubble died; Sandage's feeling of responsibility to carry on Hubble's work; objections to the steady state model; learning about the big bang model; limits of Hubble's understanding of the big bang model; influence of theoretical papers by Mattig; influence of Fred Hoyle; introduction to and early attitude toward the horizon and flatness problems; change in cosmology from finding out what galaxies are like to how galaxies originated; Sandage's change in attitude toward the horizon problem; attitude tow.ard the grand unified theories; Sandage's gradual appreciation for the "new" cosmology, involving particle physics; change in attitude toward the flatness problem; attitude toward dark matter and missing mass; openess to the value of omega; problem of consistent ages in cosmology; many forms of evidence for the big bang model; reaction to de Lapparent, Geller, and Huchra's work on large- scale inhomogeneities and importance of similar work done earlier by Gregory, Thompson, Rood, Chincarini and Tifft; relation between theory and observation; science is not the discovery of absolute truth but only an approximation to reality; lack of good observations at the frontiers of science; the change in cosmology from asking only "where" and "what" to also asking "how;" outstanding problems in cosmology: dark matter and value of omega; ideal design of the universe; question of whether the universe has a point.
Family background; influence of uncle in early interest in astronomy and construction of first telescope in 1942; discussions between Schmidt's father and Adriaan Blaauw about the possibility of a career in astronomy; copying tables of astronomical data as a boy; early work on galaxies and mass models for galaxies; university education and influence of Blaauw, Oort and Minnaert; work as a Carnegie Fellow on optical structure of open clusters; work at Caltech on helium abundance in HII regions; history of discovery of quasars; learning about cosmology from Alan Sandage; work with the 200-inch telescope; early desire to measure large redshifts; interest in problems with only a limited number of facts and degrees of freedom; introduction to and attitude toward the horizon problem; attitude toward the inflationary universe model; Schmidt's conception of himself as an observer and not a theorist; attitude toward invoking initial conditions to solve cosmological problems; more discussion of the inflationary universe model and reasons why the community has embraced it; introduction to and attitude toward the flatness problem; reaction to de Lapparent, Geller, and Huchra's work and Haynes and Giovanelli's work on large-scale inhomogeneities; possible over interpretation of data; value of being puzzled in astronomy and Schmidt's wonder why people are unhappy when they are puzzled and confused; visualization in cosmology; interplay of theory and observation in cosmology; astronomy as a passive science (as opposed to physics, for example); outstanding problems in cosmology: time scale and distance scale of the universe, horizon problem, large-scale motions and peculiar velocities; ideal design of the universe; question of whether the universe has a point.