Displaying 11 - 20 of total 52 results:
This telephone interview deals with Bowyer’s research in non-solar x-ray astronomy while he worked at the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington, D.C. He discusses his functions as a member of a group of scientists, directed by Herbert Friedman, who performed numerous observations of cosmic x-ray sources in 1963 and after. Bowyer relates the competitive, spirit that existed between the NRL group and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology-American Science and Engineering, Inc. group that made the first conclusive observation of x-rays originating from outside the solar system.
In this interview, Geoffrey Burbidge discusses the history of physics over the course of his career. Topics discussed include: Astronomical Society of the Pacific; E. Margaret Burbridge; American Astronomical Society; Hale Observatory; Lick Observatory; radio astronomy; Naval Research Laboratory; x-ray astronomy; Bruno Rossi; optical astronomy; Kitt Peak National Observatory; air and light pollution; Allan Sandage; Harvard University; Princeton University; Lord Kelvin; S.
In this interview, E. T. Byram and T. A. Chubb discuss the Naval Research Laboratory's role in the history of x-ray astronomy. Topics discussed include: E. O. Hulburt; Ernie Krause; Richard Tousey; Herbert Friedman; Geiger counters; solar x-rays; Sam Lichtman; V-2 rockets; Viking rockets; Aerobee rockets; solar flares; Robert Kreplin; J. E. Kupperian; Julian Holmes; American Science and Engineering; P. C. Fisher.
Interview features Byram and Kreplin on instrumentation for rocket-launched astronomic research, c. 1948-1979, including: development of early detectors and how they were used, including the BS-1, BS-212, and BS-3; development of a gas-grain ionization chamber; Solrad series detectors; solar radiation research; ionization chamber detectors; collimators; development of stellar ultraviolet detectors; discovery of Scorpius X-1 and Crab Nebula X-ray sources; HEAO (High Energy Astronomy Observatory) detector; determining the aspect of a rocket; quality of computers used.
Topics discussed include: research equipment used at the Naval Research Laboratories including vacuum chambers, X-ray detectors, Geiger counters, vacuum spectrographs; collective approach to equipment development; Byram's on-the-job training in vacuum technology; Chubb's training for work with gases; demonstration of the vacuum chamber used for testing the HEAO (High Energy Astronomy Observatory) and a BS-1 type tube; work with NASA on the HEAO; history of the development of halogen gas tubes by Herbert Friedman; description of George Carruther's laboratory and gas filling station; develop
George Carruthers was born 1939 in Cincinnati, Ohio; child of George Arthur Carruthers and Sophia Singley Carruthers; father an engineer at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base; interest in science from reading science fiction; built his own telescope while in junior high school; very little discrimination in elementary or junior high school even though he was one of few African Americans; moved to Chicago for high school; access to Adler Planetarium and built more telescopes; read about rocket launches and Herb Frieman; read The Viking Rocket Story by Milton Rosen; undergraduate University of I
Covers her career in astronomy. Focuses on college education at Goucher, 1945-1948, and Harvard Graduate School from 1955; influence of Bart Bok and Cecilia Payne Gaposchkin. Positions at Naval Research Laboratory, Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratory; funding, satellite tracking, telescope for Cerro Tololo, Berkeley, 1965; Hat Creek. Discussions on radio astronomy in 1950s and 1970s; very large array telescopes; women in astronomy and search for alternatives. Also prominently mentioned are: William W.
Deals with the career of Herbert Friedman, an experimentalist who used space-borne instruments from the 1940s through 1970s to examine the upper atmosphere and astronomical phenomena. Pioneer in the fields of solar and non-solar x-ray astronomy. His role in development of Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) research programs.
This interview covers selected aspects of Friedman's career at the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL). It traces the development of upper air research at NRL through the International Geophysical Year (IGY, 1957-1958), and then outlines subsequent attempts at international coorperation in geophysical research. The latter discussion serves as the basis to explore the role of "big" science, and its relationship to individual and "little" science.
Friedman, Chubb, Byram, and Kreplin were pioneers in X-ray space science, X-ray astronomy, and both founding and early and original members of the electron optics branch at the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington, D.C. The interview focuses on their work at NRL. They discuss their impressions upon coming to NRL, their training and how they were hired; what they were hired to do; and their work in the post-World War II era at the labatory.