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In this interview, Edward Uhler Condon discusses topics such as: his family background; early education; influence of high school physics teacher, William Howell Williams, 1914-1918, and later teacher at University of California, Berkeley; interval as boy reporter. Undergraduate years at Berkeley, beginning in 1921 in chemistry department; Ph.D. in physics, 1926; association with Fred Weinberg. Discovery of Erwin Schrödinger's wave mechanics papers; International Education Board fellowship to study quantum mechanics at Göttingen, 1926.
Gamow's involvement with nuclear physics. His later work in astrophysics and his interest in biology. Personal anecdotes about Gamow's childhood in Odessa, student life with Lev Landau and Dmitriy Ivanenko at the University of Leningrad, his fellowship at Göttingen, work in Copenhagen with Niels Bohr, and at University of Cambridge with Ernest Rutherford. Emigration to America in 1934, subsequent work in the United States. Work on penetration barriers, saturation, the beta decay rule, and the nuclear droplet model.
Childhood and early education, Hollywood High School, graduates in chemistry from Caltech, 1924; to University of California, Berkeley (Gilbert N. Lewis), 1924; postdoc at Berkeley for 1Œ years working on statistical mechanics. To Göttingen (James Franck), 1929; marries Maria Goeppert; return to Göttingen, 1932, works with Born on lattice energy calculations. Comments on work done with Maria Goeppert. Discussion of the application of the new quantum theory to solids.
This interview was conducted as part of the Archives for the History of Quantum Physics project, which includes tapes and transcripts of oral history interviews conducted with circa 100 atomic and quantum physicists. Subjects discuss their family backgrounds, how they became interested in physics, their educations, people who influenced them, their careers including social influences on the conditions of research, and the state of atomic, nuclear, and quantum physics during the period in which they worked.
Discussion includes his background in wave mechanics; educational background; undergraduate work at the University of Cambridge (circa 1925-1930); Niels Bohr Institute, Copenhagen (1928-1929); University of Gottingen (1929); teaching mathematics at the University of Cambridge; Kapitza Club; work with George Gamow, Niels Bohr, Charlie Ellis, Harrie Massey.
Life of his father, Karl Schwarzschild; father's scientific relationships in Göttingen (Felix Klein, David Hilbert); move to Potsdam, 1909; relations with Potsdam and Berlin scientists (Albert Einstein, Karl Sommerfeld); father's Jewish background concealed. M. Schwarzschild's youth in Göttingen and Berlin; early education, interest in astronomy and mathematics. Undergraduate at Göttingen Universität (Hans Kienle, Richard Courant, Neugebauer), 1930-1933; graduate work at Gottingen Observatory, 1933-1935; his reaction to Nazism.
Background information, early interest in stars; meets Werner Heisenberg in Copenhagen and Berlin, 1927; studies at Universitat Berlin, 1929; Heisenberg to Universitat Leipzig, fall 1929. Fellow students Edward Teller, Guido Beck, Felix Bloch; Universitat Göttingen , 1931; emphasis on astronomy (Robert Atkinson, origin of the elements); interior of the stars (Arthur S. Eddington) and problems of energy sources; origin of the planetary system of keen interest. Ph.D.