Displaying 11 - 20 of total 97 results:
Boyer, former head of the laser division at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, discusses the origins of the Los Alamos Laser Program, the influence of Air Force Weapons Laboratory (AFWL) High-energy Laser Program on his own program, the connection with his earlier nuclear rocket propulsion studies; Abraham Hertzberg’s proposal of the gas-dynamic laser concept and his visit to Los Alamos to discuss laser function.
University training at University of California, Berkeley, under John Whinnery and Charles Birdsall. The adaptation of the argon ion laser to an airborne reconnaissance system. Other laser researches are touched upon, including the gas dynamic laser and laser isotope separation. Relations between basic research and systems research at Hughes Aircraft Company. (See also the interview of W.B. Bridges by Richard Cunningham on file in the Laser History Project Archives).
Fred P. Burns was one of the original group of senior scientists at Theodore H. Maiman's firm Korad. Burns left Korad to found Apollo in the late 1960s. Burns, after briefly relating his prior work history, tells how he was recruited by Maiman. He discusses Union Carbide's financing of Korad; Korad's venture into semiconductor lasers; why patents were not a deterrent in the early days; developing the laser for market; Korad's government contracts; the availability of venture capital for laser firms; Maiman's management style; and why Maiman left Korad.
Interview covers changes in the organization of physics research departments at Bell Laboratories during the period of Burton's career, from 1938-1958. Childhood and educational background.
This interview covers Charschan's memory of laser experimentation and techniques; the development of procedures for boring and drilling diamond dies; scribing ceramic plates for improved circuitry; the role and duties of the research center at Western Electric (AT&T Technologies); and the establishment of the ANSI laser safety standards (ANSI Z-136).
Clauser discusses his father's influence; early interest in electronics; undergraduate study in physics at California Institute of Technology in early 1960s; graduate study at Columbia University in the late 1960s; research on the Bell inequalities as a post-doc at University of California, Berkeley with C. H. Townes in the 1970s; collaboration with Abner Shimony and Michael H. Horne; atom interferometry and its possible applications; quantum mechanics and its conceptual problems.
Discussion includes: the founding of Trion Instruments; the first commercial lasers; pricing and markets; R & D contracts with the Department of Defense Agencies; Trion's collaboration with Jarrell Ash on a laser microscope; Lear-Siegler acquires Trion.
Harold Lyon's Atomic Physics group at Hughes in the mid-1950s; Theodore Maiman's researches in the group; electron cyclotron-resonance for the generation of millimeter waves; improved portable ruby masers. Maiman's knowledge of I. Weider's proposals for optically pumped solid-state masers; Maiman's view of the trustworthiness of Weider's quantum-efficiency measurements. The effect upon Maiman of the Schawanga Lodge conference. The budget for Maiman's laser experiments; details of the experimental work.
Research and education, 1956 to ca. 1970. Establishment of the electromagnetics group at United Aircraft Research Center, 1958. Inauguration of laser research after the Schawlow-Townes paper appeared. Modulating laser output. Modelocking investigations. Laser work on fusion and gas-dynamic CO2 lasers by other United Technologies groups. Also prominently mentioned are: Nicolaas Bloembergen, Chap Cutler, Edward Danielson, Carl Feyrar, Fork, Bill Glenn, Steve Hanis, Logan E. Hargrove, Hans Heynau, Henry Hoadley, George Housemann, Ippen, Arthur Robert Kantrowitz, Wes Kuhrt, Willis E.
World War II work at the MIT Radiation Laboratory. Early postwar years at Princeton University. Research orientations; application of microwave techniques to determination of fundamental atomic constants. Background to paper on super-radiance. Government committee work to about the mid-1950s. Princeton Applied Research, a company organized by Dicke & others. Contact with Charles H. Townes. Consulting for Radio Corporation of America; patent obligations to RCA. Sources of financial support for research; Signal Corps support. Methods for choosing student thesis topics.