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Early life and education, high school education affected by rheumatic fever; undergraduate work at Hofstra University (1939-1942); graduate work at Cornell University (1942-1945); Brown University professor (1945-??), hired by Bruce Lindsay; beginning of his research focus on acoustics; beginning of his career with the Acoustical Society of America (ASA).
Interview focuses on Frosch's involvement in issues related to seismic detection of underground nuclear weapons test during the 1960s. He also describes his time as director of the Advanced Research Projects Agency's Nuclear Test Detection Office from 1963 to 1965. In this position Frosch helped to manage the Department of Defense's "Project Vela Uniform," which aimed at the improvement of seismic detection capabilites. He played a major role in the realization of the Large Aperture Seismic Array (LASA).
This interview with Isadore Rudnick covers topics such as: his family background and childhood; going to school at University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA); Richard Bolt; Ph.D. advisor Vern Knudsen; Leo Delsasso; Bob Leonard; Norm Watson; acoustics; working at Duke University during World War II; working with Robert Bruce Lindsay; Bob Beyer; working at Penn State University; high-frequency sound; working at UCLA; low-temperature physics; his student Kenneth Shapiro; superconductivitiy; Peter Kapitsa; member of the National Academy of Sciences; Acoustical Society of America.
In this interview Chester McKinney discusses his family and education, his association with the Acoustical Society of America, his military service and training, his work while director of the Applied Research Laboratories, work on U.S. Navy Committees, and teaching at Texas Tech University. Topics discussed include Applied Research Laboratories (formerly Defense Research Laboratories), The University of Texas at Austin; Acoustical Society of America; Richard Lane; Paul Boner; childhood interest in radio and electronics; East Texas State Teachers College; M. Y. Colby; Army Signal Corps training at Fort Monmouth; radar training; Harvard University; S. L. Brown; Claude Horton; Robert Watson; Office of Naval Research; acoustics and reciprocity; Arthur E. Lockenvitz; Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (APL); Texas Tech University; Tracor; Applied Reararch Laboratory at Pennsylvania State University; Balcones Research Center; Norman Hackerman.
Mainly concerns Nix's work at Bell Laboratories. Educational background; recollections of John B. Johnson, Nix's work on barriers for gaseous diffusion plants during World War II; physics seminars at Bell Labs in the 1930s, and the relation of Bell Labs to the international physics community. Also prominently mentioned are: John Bardeen, Joseph A. Becker, Hans Albrecht Bethe, Eugene Booth, Walter Bothe, Walter Houser Brattain, Oliver E. Buckley, James Chadwick, Marie Sklodowska Curie, Pierre Curie, Karl Kelchner Darrow, Clinton Joseph Davisson, John R. Dunning, James Brown Fisk, Harvey Fletcher, Lester Halbert Germer, Stephane Groueff, Leslie Richard Groves, Fritz Haber, Werner Heisenberg, Alan Holden, H. E. Ives, Frédéric Joliot-Curie, Mervin J. Kelly, Charles Kittel, Ernest Orlando Lawrence, Sir Nevill Francis Mott, Linus Pauling, Sir Rudolf Ernst Peierls, Robert Wichard Pohl, Isidor Isaac Rabi, William Shockley, John Clarke Slater, Gordon K. Teale, Charles Hard Townes, E. C. Wente, Addison Hughson White, Eugene Paul Wigner, Dean E. Wooldridge; Columbia University, Cornell University, Keley Corporation, Manhattan Project, Reviews of Modern Physics, and University of Alabama.
In this interview, David Zierler, Oral Historian for AIP, interviews George Wallerstein, Professor Emeritus at the University of Washington. Wallerstein recounts his childhood in Manhattan and he describes how the atomic attacks on Japan fostered his interest in science as a teenager. He discusses his undergraduate experience at Brown University where he pursued his interests in astronomy and in some of the philosophical underpinnings of physics. Wallerstein describes his graduate work at Caltech, at a time when the Astronomy department was only five years old, and where he focused on the origins of elements in star formation and the spectra of type II Cepheids. Wallerstein discusses his postdoctoral research at Berkeley and subsequent promotion to the faculty there, and he explains the advances made possible with the advent of digital detectors in the mid-1980s which replaced photographic analysis of high-dispersion spectra. He describes the opportunity leading to his tenure at the University of Washington, and he explains the significance of his work on G dwarf stars and the utility of the Hubble Space Telescope to investigate interstellar lines in supernova remnants. At the end of the interview, Wallerstein surveys some of the key advances to which he has contributed over the course of his career, including infrared astronomy and star positioning.
Topics include: his childhood and education in Evansville, Indiana, and college at Evansville College where he studied physics and electrical engineering; graduate school at MIT where he worked with Dick Bolt, Ted Heuter, and Uno Ingard while developing research for his PhD. in 1955; serving on the faculty at University of Minnesota for three years; his year in the UK doing research at Southampton and Manchester where the initial concepts of Statistical Energy Analysis were developed. In 1960, Lyon joined the staff at BBN in Cambridge, Mass. where he stayed until 1970. During that time, he continued development of Statistical Energy Analysis in collaboration with Ira Dyer, Preston Smith, Gideon Maidanik, and others. He also worked on areas related to transportation noise and aerodynamic noise. In 1970 he began his 25-year tenure of research and teaching in the Mechanical Engineering Dept. at MIT. During these years, he developed work related to machinery diagnostics, sound quality, and phase analysis. Also during this period he started his consulting company, RH Lyon Corp. In 1995, he retired from MIT and committed his full efforts to the company, which focused on product sound quality.