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The interview focuses primarily on Peebles' many contributions to physical osmology: research on nucleosynthesis in the early universe in 1965, the theoretical and observational study of large scale structure formation in the 70s, and the development of the cold dark matter model and numerical simulations of structure formation, to mention the most prominent topics. Peebles describes his interactions with colleagues and other influences that shaped his research, as well as describing his own research style and the style of physicists he admires (notably that of his mentor, Bob Dicke).
Family life and early childhood environment; undergraduate studies at Case School for Applied Sciences, 1925-1929; M.S., 1933; influence of Dayton C. Miller; reanalysis of Miller’s absolute motion experiments, meetings with Albert Einstein; National Bureau of Standards (NBS) work on ionosphere and standard frequency regulation, 1929-1930; contact with University of Chicago, l930s and 1940s, thesis work on photon scattering under Arthur H.
Discusses his family background and education; World War I experiences; J. J. Thomson; return to Princeton as a graduate student in physics; research at Cambridge/Rutherford; Toronto, spectroscopy, and McClennan; collaboration with Russell; team of Russell, Turner, & Shenstone; laboratory astrophysics; spectra of highly ionized elements; publications; Charlotte Moore Sitterly; World War II years in Ottawa; Manhattan Project; radar research; Radiation Laboratory at MIT; retirement from Princeton; his debt to Russell.
Early career in the United States Geological Survey (USGS); Atomic Energy Commission-sponsored surveys of uranium deposits in the western United States; USGS Grand Junction, Colorado field office; nuclear explosion crater studies; the MICE project; early lunar studies sponsored by NASA. Specific topics include Shoemaker’s investigations of the geology of the Colorado plateau; doctoral studies at Princeton University in the mid-1950s; his identification of coesite at the Meteor Crater, Arizona; and the Ries formation in Bavaria, Germany; the development of lunar stratigraphic principles.
Interview centers around early life in Wisconsin; family background in Milton, Wisconsin; physics at Wisconsin and graduate work there; quantum mechanics under J.H. van Vleck and spectroscopy with Julius Ellis Mack and Mendenhall's influence; contact with astronomy and work for Joel Stebbins circa 1930; NRC Fellowship at Mount Wilson and contact with I.S.
In this interview Robert Noyes discusses topics such as: his family background; undergraduate at Haverford College; graduate work at California Institute of Technology (Caltech); Frank Press and geophysics; Fay Ajzenberg Selov; Robert Leighton as his advior in graduate school; Mt.
Van Flandern and Slabinski discuss their work in astronomy, satellite tracking, and involvement in the Moonwatch project of the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory.
This interview is part of a small program to document the recent history of the American Astronomical Society (AAS). These interviews were used as background studies to help authors of chapters of the centennial history volume of the Society research and organize documentary materials. The volume to be published in 1999.
Discusses his youth and early interest in astronomy; his education; undergraduate years at Harvard; interest in solar work; fellowship at Agassiz Station; his interest in rocket astronomy; Whipple and interest in rocket astronomy; graduate work at University of Michigan; solar space astronomy and V-2s; Leo Goldberg and infrared spectroscopy; Army career and assignment to the Signal Corps Engineering Labs; Coronagraph work; development of the sky photometer and Jack Evans; interest in balloon astronomy; Schwarzschild and Stratoscope; first flight in Minneapolis of Coronascope; improving the