Displaying 71 - 80 of total 117 results:
The interview includes an overview of Robert Davis's childhood and early interest in astronomy; his experiences as an undergraduate, a Naval Officer, and a graduate student in the 1940s and early 1950s; his interest in observational astronomy; his work in ultraviolet stellar magnitudes, and his appointment as head of the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory's Project Celescope in the late 1950s. He outlines the Celescope program, the design of the telescope, the decision to use image tubes and problems encountered with funding, and the successes, failures and ultimate relevance of the pro
Childhood in New York City; studying astronomy and literature at Harvard (1925-1929, M.A. 1930); work during the Depression in real estate and at Columbia; graduate-education in the new astrophysics at Harvard (1934-1937), contacts with H. Shapley, C. Payne, H.N. Russell; work at Yerkes from 1937: nebula spectroscopy, stellar composition, stellar atmospheres; contacts with 0. Struve, S. Chandrasekhar, B. Stromgren; optical design work during World War II. Move to Cal Tech, 1947, contacts with W. Baade, I. Bowen, F. Zwicky, N. Schmidt, L.
Reminiscences about Otto Struve while he was Director of Yerkes Observatory and chairman of the Astronomy Department at University of Chicago. Also, comments on the Nobel Prize, its affect on recipients; discussion of the value, beauty, and cultivation of science.
Marc Davis discusses his childhood in Canton Ohio and family background; early reading; education at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and at Princeton University; thesis work with Jim Peebles and discussion of Peebles; early work on the correlation function of galaxies; creation of the Center for Astrophysics (CFA) redshift survey in 1978; attitude toward the horizon problem; attitude toward the inflationary universe model; biasing, cold dark matter, and models of the formation of large-scale structure; attitude toward the flatness problem; attitude toward the CFA redshift survey
Van de Hulst recalls his interest in space science. Discusses Space Science in Holland and the effect of Sputnik. Discusses the foundation of the European Space Research Agency (ESR). Describes the connection between American and European ideas concerning the Large Astronomical Netherlands Satellite (ANS) and knowledge of NASA Large Space Telescope. Describes the Williamsburg Conference of 1976 and the deadlock between NASA and ESA (European Space Agency). Discusses changes in IST (Instrument Science Team) and its original organization. Discusses NASA-ESA relations. Describes the eff
In this interview Reimar Lust discusses topics such as: Ludwig Prandtl; University of Gottingen; his time during World War II; Erwin Madelung; Max Planck Institute; Werner Heisenberg; Carl von Weizsacker; movement of the sun; Martin Schwarzschild; Argonne National Laboratory; Courant Institute; astrophysics; James Van Allen; Adolf Butenandt; Ludwig Biermann; Max Planck Society; Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT); plasma physics; European Space Research Organization (ESRO); Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics; Ralf Dahrendorf; Helmut Schmidt.
A biographical interview; Tananbaum was director of the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory's Chandra X-Ray Observatory at the time of interview. Discusses his childhood and education including time at Yale and MIT; initial forays into X-ray astronomy; anecdotes about Riccardo Giacconi and launch of Uhuru Satellite in 1970; discovery of first black hole in Cygnus S-1 and confirmation of binary accretion model as source for x-rays.
Family history. Margaret Harwood’s lectures at Maria Mitchell Observatory in Nantucket; B.A. from Barnard College, 1925; work with Harlow Shapley at Harvard University, 1926; funding of astronomy projects and Shapley’s other interests in phenomena of nature. M.A. from Radcliffe, 1928. Other female astronomers: Helen Hogg, Antonia Maury, Cecilia Payne Gaposchkin; marriage of the Gaposchkins. Her paper at dedication of Tonantzintla Observatory.
Comments on parents and teachers; schooling in Rochester; studies at University of Rochester and at Princeton University with comments on faculty and fellow students; thesis collaboration with John Marshall; Victor Weisskopf, M.I.T. and the Radiation Laboratory during war, microwave techniques applied to atomic physics.
Youth and early education; undergraduate years at Caltech, 1924-1929; influence of Arthur A. Noyes, Linus Pauling; graduate training and molecular beam work at Princeton University with Karl Compton, Edward U. Condon, Robert Van de Graaff, 1929-1932. National Research Council Fellow at University of California at Berkeley, 1932-1934; at Radiation Laboratory with Ernest O. Lawrence, J. Robert Oppenheimer; on Berkeley staff as teacher and working on cyclotrons, nuclear physics and radiochemistry, 1934-1940.