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Goldhaber, Maurice, 1911-2011-
Oral history interview with Maurice Goldhaber, 1967 January 10.
Early education, Real-gymnasium; Universitt̃ Berlin, 1930; early interest in physics; courses, books studied, method of noting original ideas; University of Cambridge, 1933; first formal paper on nuclear physics; reaction in Berlin to discovery of neutron, colloquium of Lise Meitner; beta decay and the neutrino hypothesis; working habits at Cavendish Laboratory; collaboration with James Chadwick; photodisintegration of the deuteron; work with slow neutrons; circumstances of move to U.S., 1938; consequences of death of Ernest Rutherford on research at Cavendish Laboratory; use of proportional counters, oscilloscopes, nuclear emulsions in mid-1930s; important centers of research, publications; early failures to recognize fission; ways of determining nuclear spin; comparison of available equipment, technology in England and U.S.; comparison of motivations for doing experiments in 1930s and at present; nuclear models, conditions for acceptance, usefulness; distinctions between nuclear structure and nuclear forces as areas of study; money as a determinant of possible experiments; World War II as a determinant of work in nuclear physics; postwar work in nuclear physics; improvements in detectors and techniques ca. 1950; origin of high-energy physics; mobility of physicists among fields of study; postwar conferences, Shelter Island, Rochester; separation of belief from established results in pedagogy; current capabilities of theory in nuclear physics. Also includes an 8-page bibliography. Also prominently mentioned are: Niels Henrik David Bohr, Chang, John Cockcroft, Critchfield, Sydney Michael Dancoff, P. I. Dee, P. A. M. Dirac, Enrico Fermi, George Gamow, Gertrude Goldhaber, Gordy, Frďřic Joliot-Curie, I. V. Kurchatov, Ernest Orlando Lawrence, Douglas Lea, Alfred Loomis, Lothar Nordheim, Nutt, Wolfgang Pauli, Rudolf Ernst Peierls, Isidor Isaac Rabi, Rosenblum, Robert Green Sachs, Max Schiffer, Erwin Schrd̲inger, Emilio Gino Segr,̈ David Shoenberg, Esther Simpson, Leo Szilard; American Physical Society, Columbia University, Magdalen College (University of Oxford), Manhattan Project, Trinity College (University of Cambridge), University of Illinois, and University of Rochester.
Bohr, Niels, 1885-1962.
Chadwick, James, 1891-1974
Cockcroft, John, Sir, 1897-1967.
Critchfield, Charles Louis, 1910-
Dancoff, Sidney M., 1913-1951
Dee, Philip Ivar
Dirac, P. A. M. (Paul Adrien Maurice), 1902-1984
Fermi, Enrico, 1901-1954.
Gamow, George, 1904-1968.
Goldhaber, Gertrude Scharff, 1911-1998
Goldhaber, Maurice, 1911-2011
Gordy, Walter
Joliot-Curie, Frďřic.
Kurchatov, I. V. (Igor Vasil evich), 1903-1960
Lawrence, Ernest Orlando, 1901-1958.
Lea, D. E. (Douglas E.)
Loomis, Alfred L. (Alfred Lee), 1887-1975
Meitner, Lise, 1878-1968.
Nordheim, Lothar, 1899-
Pauli, Wolfgang, 1900-1958.
Peierls, Rudolf E. (Rudolf Ernst), 1907-1995
Rabi, I. I. (Isidor Isaac), 1898-1988
Rutherford, Ernest, 1871-1937
Sachs, Robert Green, 1916-
Schiffer, Max
Schoenberg, D.
Schrd̲inger, Erwin, 1887-1961
Segr,̈ Emilio.
Simpson, Esther
Szilard, Leo.
American Physical Society.
Argonne National Laboratory
Brookhaven National Laboratory.
Cavendish Laboratory (Cambridge, England)
Columbia University
Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universitt̃ Berlin
Magdalen College (University of Oxford)
Trinity College (University of Cambridge)
University of Cambridge.
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
University of Rochester.
International Conference on High Energy Physics.
Shelter Island Conferences.
Beta decay.
Delayed neutrons.
Manhattan Project (U.S.)
Nuclear fission.
Nuclear models.
Nuclear spin.
Nuclear structure.
Particles (Nuclear physics)
Physical instruments.
Physics -- Experiments.
Physics -- Study and teaching.
Research -- Finance.
Scientific apparatus and instruments.
Theoretical physics
World War, 1939-1945 -- Science.
Oral histories. aat
Interviews. aat
Sound recordings. aat
Transcripts. aat
Lubkin, Gloria interviewer.
Weiner, Charles interviewer.
American Institute of Physics. Niels Bohr Library & Archives. One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA