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Shapley, Harlow, 1885-1972.
Oral history interview with Harlow Shapley, 1966 June 8 and August 25.
Childhood on Missouri farm, early education and interest in science. Enters University of Missouri, 1907; B.A., 1910, M.A. 1911; influence of Oliver Kellogg, Eli Haines, Frederick Seares. To Princeton University, 1911-1914; first doctoral student of Henry Norris Russell; close relationship with Russell, impressions of him as teacher, co-worker, and friend; works on orbits of eclipsing binaries and Cepheid variable star theory; Russell's experiments with darkening at the limb; Shapley's research methods, requirements for doctorate in astronomy, 1910; Robert W. Wood, R. S. Dugan, O. W. Richardson, and Annie J. Cannon. Ph.D. on theory of eclipsing binaries, 1913; also works on the velocity of ants in relation to environmental temperature. To Mt. Wilson Observatory (Frederick Seares, Milton Humason, Ferdinand Ellerman, Hale, Walter S. Adams); continues work on globular clusters, eclipsing binaries, pulsation theory; 60-inch and 100-inch telescopes; the personalities and work of Jacobus C. Kapetyn and Adriaan van Maanen; Shapley-Curtis debate on the scale of the universe, 1920. Director of Harvard Observatory, 1921-1951; detailed discussion of reorganization of observatory from research to teaching institution (Harvard University); work on Magellanic Clouds (Henrietta Leavitt, Cannon), early 1920s; classification for the Henry Draper Catalog; fund-raising activities; move of Harvard Southern Station from Peru to South Africa; social and intellectual life of the Observatory. Discussion of Shapley's cultural and philanthropic activities (rescue of European scholars, rebuilding of European observatories and libraries, formation of UNESCO). Discussion of his political activities; the Condon Affair; conflicts with the Rankin and McCarthy committees. Active participation in scientific and scholarly organizations: President of American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1939-1944; founding of journals, Daedalus and American Scientist; Sigma Xi society; President of American Association for the Advancement of Science; Worcester Foundation for Experimental Biology (Hudson Hoagland, Gregory Pincus); National Science Fund and National Science Foundation. Reflects on changes in state of astronomy through the years, international relations, funding, and his own career. Also prominently mentioned are: American Astronomical Society, Arequipa Observatory (Peru), Carthage Academy, Institute for the Study of Religion and the Age of Science, radio astronomy, Rockefeller Foundation, and Tonantzintla Observatory.
Adams, Walter S. (Walter Sydney), 1876-1956
Ames, Adelaide
Cannon, Annie Jump, 1863-1941
Condon, Edward Uhler, 1902-1974.
Draper, Henry, 1837-1882.
Dugan, Raymond Smith, 1878-1940
Ellerman, Ferdinand
Haines, Eli
Hale, George Ellery, 1868-1938
Hoagland, Hudson, 1899-1982.
Humason, Milton L. (Milton La Salle), 1891-1972
Kapteyn, J. C. (Jacobus Cornelius), 1851-1922
Kellogg, Oliver J.
Leavitt, Henrietta Swan, 1868-1921
Pincus, Gregory
Richardson, O. W. (Owen Willans), 1879-1959.
Russell, Henry Norris, 1877-1957
Scripps, E. W. (Edward Willis), 1854-1926.
Seares, Frederick Hanley, 1873-
Shapley, Harlow, 1885-1972.
Sharp, Martha
Van Maanen, Adriaan
Wood, Robert Williams, 1868-1955
American Academy of Arts and Sciences.).
American Association for the Advancement of Science.
American Astronomical Society.
American Philosophical Society
Arequipa Observatory (Peru)
Carthage Academy -- Students
Harvard College Observatory. Souther Station.
Harvard University.
Harvard University. Dept. of Astronomy.
Heny Draper Catalog
Institute for the Study of Religion and the Age of Science
National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)
National Science Foundation (U.S.)
Observatorio Tonantzintla
Palomar Observatory.
Princeton University.
Rockefeller Foundation.
Sigma Xi, the Scientific Research Society.
United States. Congress. House. Committee on Un-American Activities.
United States. National Bureau of Standards
University of Missouri--Columbia.
Worcester Foundation for Experimental Biology.
American scientist (Journal)
Astrophysical journal.
Astronomical observatories -- Administration.
Eclipsing binaries -- Orbits.
Radio astronomy.
Stars -- Globular clusters.
Stellar oscillations.
World War, 1939-1945 -- Refugees.
World War, 1939-1945 -- Science.
Magellanic Clouds
Oral histories. aat
Interviews. aat
Transcripts. aat
Sound recordings. aat
Weiner, Charles interviewer.
Wright, Helen, 1914- interviewer.
American Institute of Physics. Niels Bohr Library & Archives. One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA