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Wheeler, John Archibald, 1911-2008
Oral history interview with John Archibald Wheeler, 1967 April 5.
Early interest in science; training in physics and graduate work at Johns Hopkins University, courses, books, seminars, informal atmosphere, 1927-1933; summer work in spectroscopy laboratory at National Bureau of Standards, 1929; interest in elementary particles, attractions of nuclear physics, 1933; postdoctoral work with Gregory Breit on pair theory, New York University, 1933-1934; potential well model and its application to experimental results, 1933-1935; studies at Niels Bohr's Institute, Copenhagen 1934-1935; discussions in Copenhagen on electrodynamics; role of experimental results in formulation of Bohr's concept of compound nucleus, 1935; reasons for initial skeptical reaction to compound nucleus model; significance of Bethe-Bacher-Livingston review articles in Reviews of Modern Physics, 1936-1937; development of compound nucleus ideas after 1935; use of compound nucleus and Breit-Wigner formula as guide for experiment; development of collective model; reaction to Hideki Yukawa's 1935 meson theory and subsequent new cosmic ray particles, late 1930s; establishment of cosmic ray laboratory at Princeton University 1945; work considered personally satisfying; scattering matrix and other work at University of North Carolina, 1935-1938; close relationship of physics and mathematics departments at Princeton, 1938- ; collaboration with Bohr on theory of fission, Princeton 1939; relation of fission physics to other aspects of nuclear physics; plans of physicists for postwar work. Also prominently mentioned are: Joseph Sweetman Ames, Robert Fox Bacher, Hans Albrecht Bethe, Max Delbr ck, Paul Ehrenfest, Gray, Werner Heisenberg, Karl Ferdinand Herzfeld, Hendrik Anthony Kramers, Maria GeĢ²ppert Mayer, Mernihan, Plesset, Tarrant, J. Arthur Thompson, John Toll, Merle Antony Tuve, John Hasbrouck Van Vleck, Eugene Paul Wigner, E. J. Williams, Hideki Yukawa; Carnegie Institution of Washington. Dept. of Terrestrial Magnetism, and Institute for Theoretical Physics (Copenhagen).
Ames, Joseph Sweetman, 1864-1943.
Bacher, Robert F. (Robert Fox), 1905-2004-
Bethe, Hans A, (Hans Albrecht), 1906-2005
Bohr, Niels, 1885-1962
Breit, Gregory, 1899-1981-
Delbr ck, Max.
Ehrenfest, Paul, 1880-1933.
Heisenberg, Werner, 1901-1976
Herzfeld, Karl F. (Karl Ferdinand), 1892-
Kramers, Hendrik Anthony, 1894-1952.
Mayer, Maria Goeppert, 1906-1972.
Thomson, J. Arthur (John Arthur), 1861-1933.
Toll, John S.
Tuve, Merle Antony, 1901-1982.
Van Vleck, J. H. (John Hasbrouck), 1899-1980
Wheeler, John Archibald, 1911-2008.
Wigner, Eugene Paul, 1902-1995-
Williams, E. J. (Evan James)
Yukawa, Hideki, 1907-1981
Carnegie Institution of Washington. Department of Terrestrial Magnetism
Johns Hopkins University.
New York University.
Niels Bohr institutet.
Princeton University.
United States. National Bureau of Standards
Universitetets Institut for Teoretisk Fysik (Copenhagen)
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Compound nucleus.
Cosmic rays.
Nuclear fission.
Nuclear physics.
Pair production.
Particles (Nuclear physics)
S-matrix theory.
Spectrum analysis.
Oral histories. aat
Interviews. aat
Sound recordings. aat
Transcripts. aat
Weiner, Charles interviewer.
Lubkin, Gloria interviewer.
American Institute of Physics. Niels Bohr Library & Archives. One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA