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Bush, Vannevar, 1890-1974.
Oral history interview with Vannevar Bush, 1964.
Interview deals at length with Bush's career and life, with particular emphasis on government work during World War II: the proximity fuze (Winston Churchill, Merle Tuve); cryptanalysis; development of the DUKW; beginning of the National Defense Research Committee (James Conant); Office of Scientific Research and Development (OSRD); organization of the Manhattan District project (J. R. Oppenheimer, Leslie Groves); A-bomb development (Franklin D. Roosevelt), Alamagordo test; German A-bomb program (Samuel Goudsmit); the V-1 rocket threat (Dwight D. Eisenhower); cooperation between military and civilian researchers; organization of British scientific research (Sir Henry T. Tizard, Lord Frederick Cherwell, Churchill); history and development of the differential analyzer (Charles Babbage). Postwar scientific research; development of National Science Foundation (Harry S. Truman); supremacy of U.S. science; Anglo-American atomic information exchange, U.S. educational system; Committee on Medical Research; patent system; guidance systems; relations between scientists and the military. Also prominently mentioned are: Niels Bohr, Karl T. Compton, Lee DuBridge, Werner Heisenberg, Alfred Loomis, Harlow Shapley, Harold Urey; Atomic Energy Commission, Carnegie Corporation, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Radiation Laboratory, National Academy of Sciences, National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, National Institutes of Health, National Research Council, and United States Department of the Navy.
Physicist, engineer, government official, and science administrator. Ph.D. engineering, Harvard University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1916). Professional experience includes: instructor of mathematics, assistant professor in electrical engineering and premedical physics, Tufts University (1914-1917); associate professor of electrical power transmission, professor, vice president, dean of engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1919-1938); president, Carnegie Institution (1938-1955). Co-founded the American Appliance Company, which later became Raytheon Manufacturing Company and continued to evolve into the Metals and Controls Corporation, which manufactured nuclear fuel.
Babbage, Charles, 1791-1871.
Bohr, Niels, 1885-1962
Cherwell, Frederick Alexander Lindemann, Viscount, 1886-1957.
Churchill, Winston, 1874-1965
Compton, K. T. (Karl Taylor), 1887-1954.
Conant, James Bryant, 1893-1978
DuBridge, Lee A. (Lee Alvin), 1901-1994-
Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969.
Goudsmit, Samuel A. (Samuel Abraham), 1902-1978
Groves, Leslie R., 1896-1970.
Heisenberg, Werner, 1901-1976
Oppenheimer, J. Robert, 1904-1967
Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945.
Shapley, Harlow, 1885-1972.
Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972.
Tuve, Merle Antony, 1901-1982.
Carnegie Institution of Washington.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Radiation Laboratory.
National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)
National Institutes of Health (U.S.)
National Research Council (U.S.)
National Science Foundation (U.S.)
United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
United States. Office of Scientific Research and Development.
U.S. Atomic Energy Commission
Atomic bomb -- Design and construction.
Education -- United States.
Electronic differential analyzers.
Guidance systems (Flight).
Manhattan Project (U.S.)
Military-industrial complex -- 20th century.
Nuclear energy -- International cooperation.
Proximity fuzes
Rockets (Ordnance) -- War use.
World War, 1939-1945 -- War work.
Oral histories. aat
Interviews. aat
Transcripts. aat
DUKW (Amphibious truck)
Loomis, Alfred L. (Alfred Lee), 1887-1975.
Tizard, Henry Thomas, Sir, 1885-1959.
Urey, Harold Clayton, 1893-1981
Carnegie Corporation.
United States. National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics.
Hodgins, Eric, interviewer.
American Institute of Physics. Niels Bohr Library & Archives. One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA