Warming in the Arctic is greater than elsewhere in the world. Wildlife experts believe that the warming is a main reason that most herds of caribou (reindeer), like these in Alaska, have recently declined in numbers. This abundant and prolific species is expected to persist. But even they will be at risk of extinction (along with polar bears and many others) if greenhouse gas emissions continue to grow uncontrolled to the end of this century and beyond.
Global warming is also measurably damaging alpine meadows
like this one in Wyoming, coral reefs like the one below in Papua New Guinea, and other important ecosystems.
They will be devastated within our lifetime — along with many
equally vulnerable human communities — unless prompt action
Bark beetle damage photos
Photos by S. Weart: Arrigetch Peaks, Gates of the
Arctic National Park, AK; Wind River Range (Bridger Wilderness Area), WY. Coral reef: Brocken Inaglory via Wikimedia Commons.
© 2003-2016 Spencer Weart & American Institute of Physics