Acoustical Society of America

Interviewed by
Melanie Matthies
Interview date
Location
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts
Abstract

Born in Toronto, Canada in 1924; University-based high school offered an excellent education in math. Attended University of Toronto for an undergraduate degree in Engineering Physics in 1945 and completed a Master’s thesis on servomechanisms in 1948. Employed as an Instructor for the Canadian Version of the GI Bill, came to MIT in 1948. Worked with L. Beranek in Acoustics lab and completed doctorate in 1952 with a dissertation about the perception of sounds shaped by resonant circuits. A research staff member of MIT from 1952-1954, he accepted a faculty position at MIT in 1955. Promoted to Associate Professor in 1957. Worked with G. Fant while on sabbatical in Sweden in 1962 and brought back x-ray films that formed the basis for early work with J. Perkell. Promoted to professor in 1963. Collaborated with D. Klatt on pioneering speech synthesis project, Klattalk, that formed the basis for DECtalk and many of speech synthesizers in use today. Traveled to England as visiting professor at University College, London 1969-1970. Served as President of the Acoustical Society of America 1976-1977. Awarded Clarence J. LeBel professorship in the department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at MIT in 1977. Received Gold medal from the Acoustical Society of America in 1995. Published an acclaimed book, Acoustic Phonetics, in 1998 that uses techniques of circuit analysis and signal processing to elucidate how a discrete linguistic representation is translated into articulatory movements so that their acoustic effects produce speech communication.

Interviewed by
Richard Peppin
Interview date
Location
Fort Lauderdale Marina Marriott Hotel, Florida
Abstract

Ungar’s family leaves Vienna for St. Louis fleeing the Nazis. College at Washington University is interrupted by Army service in postwar Europe. Takes up mechanical engineering on return to Washington University. Master’s degree while employed at Sandia Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM. PhD at New York University where he briefly teaches. Joins Bolt, Beranek and Newman in late 1950s. Also joins the Acoustical Society of America rising to the presidency. Family and leisure activities.

Interviewed by
Henry Bass
Interview date
Location
University of Mississippi, Oxford, Mississippi
Abstract

In this interview F. Douglas Shields discusses topics such as: Acoustical Society of America (ASA); physical acoustics; absorption of gases; family background and education; going to Tennessee Tech for school; joining the Air Force; Vanderbilt University for graduate school; Francis Slack; teaching at Middle Tennessee State University; Robert Lagemann; Oak Ridge National Laboratory; isotopes; University of Mississippi.

Interviewed by
Richard Peppin
Interview date
Location
unknown
Abstract

In this interview, Paul Schomer of Schomer and Associates is interviewed by Rich Peppin of the Acoustical Society of America. Schomer discusses his family and childhood; his graduate education at UC Berkeley; his history with the Acoustical Society of America; and the changing relationships between the ASA and researchers in government, industry, the military, and academia.

Interviewed by
Fredericka Bell-Berti
Interview date
Location
Brooklyn, New York
Abstract

In this interview Katherine Harris discusses topics such as: her childhood and family background; going to school at Radcliffe College; getting her doctorate at Harvard; her time at the City University of New York (CUNY) and Haskins Laboratories; speech production; her time with the Acoustical Society of America and her presidency; Ira Hirsh; J. C. R. Licklider; George Miller; Fred Skinner; Franklin Cooper.

Interviewed by
Damian Doria
Interview date
Location
45 Sutton Place, New York City, New York
Abstract

Dr. Harris discusses his career in acoustics, his training and education, and membership in the Acoustical Society of America.

Interviewed by
Vern Knudsen and W. James King
Interview date
Location
University of California, Los Angeles
Abstract

Concentrates on oil-drop experiment. Family background and early education; undergraduate at Brigham Young University (physics); graduate at University of Chicago, Robert Millikan and Albert A. Michelson as physicists and teachers. Extensive coverage of the work and relationship with Millikan on the "oil-drop" technique with two versions of the nature of the collaboration presented by Vern Knudsen, one from Millikan's autobiography and Fletcher's own account. Work on modification of Stokes' law and Brownian motion. Impact of electric charge measurement. Teaching at Brigham Young 1911-1916; acoustics work at Western Electric Co.(later Bell Labs) on the determination of the critical bands of hearing; dynamics of the cochlea; development of stereophonic sound. Role in formation of Acoustical Society of America. Interests in electronic reproduction of musical tones. Successful effort to develop a school of engineering at Brigham Young. Discussion of Millikan's Nobel Prize, comments by Knudsen. Achievements of son. Also prominently mentioned are: Louis Begeman; Science (journal), and United States Bureau of Standards.

Interviewed by
David Quirt
Interview date
Location
McCormick Hall, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA
Abstract

Current personal information; Acoustical Society of America membership, committees, activities (1954-1990); mentors: Wallace Waterfall, Leo Beranek, R. Bruce Lindsay; family background and early education; Imperial College London (1947-1952); influential teachers George Everington, R. W. B Stephens; National Research Council of Canada (1952-1990); consultant to the Royal Canadian Mounted Police Chief Firearms Examiner; publications; family, interests and hobbies.

Interviewed by
Henry E. Bass
Interview date
Location
National Center for Physical Acoustics, University of Mississippi
Abstract

Mack Breazeale has been an active member of the Acoustical Society of America and the IEEE almost his entire career. He was born August 15, 1930 in a mining community in Virginia. He later moved to a small town in Tennessee near the current Oak Ridge Laboratory. From there he attended undergraduate school at Berea College and received his Masters from the University of Missouri where he began his studies of ultrasound in liquids. He then studied with Professor Hiedemann at Michigan State. There he continued his studies of ultrasound in liquids. At Michigan State he studied with Bill Cooke and Walter Meyer who went on to recognition in acoustics. He then spent a year on a Fulbright Fellowship in Germany with Professor Kneser. Soon after his return he accepted a position at the University of Tennessee where he spent much of his career studying nonlinear properties of solids. During his time at the University of Tennessee, he directed theses and dissertations of about 50 graduate students. In 1988, he moved to the National Center for Physical Acoustics at the University of Mississippi where he has continued his studies of nonlinear properties of solids.

Interviewed by
Richard Peppin
Interview date
Location
Renaissance Hotel, Long Beach, California
Abstract

In this interview Warren Blazier discusses topics such as: his childhood and family background; undergraduate work at the University of Kansas and graduate work at the University of Wichita; Foundation for Industrial Research; working at Boeing Aerospace Company; acoutical vibration standards in buildings; Acoustical Society of America; Preston Schmitz; Ted Schultz; working at Bolt, Beranek and Newman (BBN); Bill Galloway; Red Wetherall; Jack Purcell; George Wilson; Ken Oliphant; Lou Goodfriend; American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers Inc (ASHRAE); Institute of Noise Control Engineering (INCE); Charles Ebbing; Peter Baade; Brian Gunther.