The Week of March 28, 2022

 

FYI This Week highlights upcoming science policy events and summarizes news from the past week.

The Week of March 28, 2022

  • Biden Rolls Out FY23 Budget Request
  • Senators to Probe Critical Minerals Supplies
  • DOE Computing Panel to Begin International Benchmarking Study
  • Expectations Revised for Flagship Mars and Europa Missions
  • NASA Awards Heliophysics ‘DRIVE’ Centers
  • Senators Debate Case for Semiconductor Industry Subsidies
  • NNSA Nominee Denies Los Alamos Faces Plutonium ‘Brain Drain’
  • Biophysics Decadal Outlines Steps to Strengthen Field
  • Report Details Ethics Concerns About OSTP Use of Schmidt Funding
  • UK Freezes Science Ties With Russia
The Week Ahead

Staff workers at Government Publshing Office prepare budget request

Staff members at the Government Publishing Office preparing copies of last year’s budget request.

(Image credit – GPO)

Biden Rolls Out FY23 Budget Request

On Monday, the Biden administration began releasing its fiscal year 2023 budget request to Congress. Echoing last year’s request, the administration is seeking major expansions of clean energy and climate R&D as well as a scale up of STEM workforce diversity programs. Accordingly, agencies such as the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Geological Survey, and the Advanced Research Projects Agency–Energy would receive double-digit percentage increases. The administration is also seeking $5 billion for the newly established ARPA for Health and $880 million for the National Science Foundation’s new Directorate for Technology, Innovation, and Partnerships as part of a nearly 20% proposed increase to NSF’s topline. However, requests for increases across programs within the Department of Energy Office of Science are generally small, notwithstanding proposals pending in Congress to significantly expand them. NASA’s science divisions would mostly see essentially flat or mildly declining topline budgets, except Earth Science would receive a major increase. Early-stage R&D programs at the Department of Defense would also be pared back.

Individual science agencies are still posting their full budget justifications, which include detailed proposals. As of Monday afternoon, full budget documentation had been posted for NSF, NASA, and NIST. Summary figures will be added to FYI’s Federal Science Budget Tracker as they become available. Congress will also begin convening hearings this week as the House and Senate Appropriations Committees start developing their responses to the request. Newly confirmed White House Budget Director Shalanda Young will be testifying before the House Budget Committee on Tuesday and the Senate Budget Committee on Wednesday.

FY23 Budget request percent change from FY22 enacted

Senators to Probe Critical Minerals Supplies 

On Thursday, the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee is holding a hearing that will explore “opportunities and challenges facing domestic critical mineral mining, processing, refining, and reprocessing.” Among the witnesses is Steve Fortier, director of the U.S. Geological Survey’s National Minerals Information Center, which helped develop the recent congressionally mandated update to the list of minerals designated by USGS as critical to economic or national security. Committee Ranking Member John Barasso (R-WY) has criticized the USGS list for not including uranium or helium, especially given that Russia commands a significant share of the global supply of each. Barrasso may also discuss legislation he introduced last week with Committee Chair Joe Manchin (D-WV) that would establish a federal grant program to support universities that offer mining and geological engineering degrees. The other witnesses are Paul Ziemkiewicz, director of the West Virginia University Research Institute; Scott Melbye, president of the Uranium Producers of America; Julie Padilla, chief regulatory officer of Twin Metals Minnesota; and Abigail Wulf, vice president for critical minerals strategy at Securing America's Future Energy.

DOE Computing Panel to Begin International Benchmarking Study 

The Department of Energy’s Advanced Scientific Computing Advisory Committee is holding a two-day meeting beginning Tuesday, at which it will receive a charge for a study to evaluate DOE’s computing programs in the context of global efforts. DOE’s Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee completed a similar report last year, and the advisory panels for the department’s High Energy Physics and Biological and Environmental Research programs are currently undertaking their own international benchmarking studies. The meeting will also feature updates on DOE efforts in exascale computing and quantum information science, including an overview of the QIS research centers DOE launched in 2020, and a discussion of results from a recent request for information on researchers' access to quantum systems, which will inform a roadmap DOE is preparing. In addition, the committee will vote on an external review of the Advanced Scientific Computing Research program that it organized last year.

In Case You Missed It

Mission architecture of Mars Sample Return mission

The mission architecture of the Mars Sample Return mission comprises, from left, NASA’s Perseverance rover, which is already on Mars caching samples, a “fetch” rover built by the European Space Agency, an ascent vehicle, and an ESA-built orbiter.

(Image credit – NASA / ESA / JPL-Caltech)

Expectations Revised for Flagship Mars and Europa Missions 

Speaking on March 21 at the National Academies’ annual Space Science Week, NASA Science Mission Directorate head Thomas Zurbuchen reported significant changes on two of the agency’s flagship planetary science missions. On its Mars Sample Return mission, he said NASA has decided against using a single lander to carry both a sample retrieval rover and an ascent vehicle because it would require a significant departure from proven technologies. NASA will instead use a two-lander architecture, which he said will push the mission’s target launch date from 2026 to 2028, with the aim of returning samples to Earth in 2033. He did not say how the change will affect the mission’s cost. The European Space Agency is building the mission’s rover as well as an orbiter that is expected to launch in 2027 and transport the samples from Mars orbit to Earth. Zurbuchen further reported that the Europa Clipper mission has just moved into its final phase of integration and testing and remains on target to launch in fall 2024. He said NASA has adjusted the mission’s total lifecycle cost upward from $4.25 billion to $5 billion, with most of the increase stemming from revised expectations about how much it will cost to operate. The mission will make dozens of flybys of Jupiter’s icy moon Europa, which is believed to harbor a vast subsurface ocean that could be capable of supporting life.

NASA Awards Heliophysics ‘DRIVE’ Centers

Also speaking at Space Science Week, NASA Heliophysics Division Director Nicky Fox said the agency selected three awardees for DRIVE Science Centers on March 17: Stanford University’s Consequences of Fields and Flows in the Interior and Exterior of the Sun (COFFIES) center, Boston University’s Solar wind with Hydrogen Ion Exchange and Large-scale Dynamics (SHIELD) center, and the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory’s Center for Geospace Storms. An acronym for “Diversify, Realize, Integrate, Venture, Educate,” DRIVE was proposed as a top-priority initiative by the 2013 National Academies heliophysics decadal survey as a way of fostering low-cost interdisciplinary research that has a potential for high scientific impact. The centers were presented as embodying the “V” in DRIVE. NASA chose the three centers from nine that received preliminary “phase 1” awards two years ago, when the agency anticipated the winners of the “phase 2” awards would receive about $3 million per year over five years.

Senators Debate Case for Semiconductor Industry Subsidies

Semiconductor industry executives testified last week in favor of pending legislation that would appropriate $52 billion to support domestic chip manufacturing and R&D. Speaking to the Senate Commerce, Science, and Transportation Committee, Intel CEO Pat Gelsinger argued the funds are necessary for the U.S. to stay competitive in the face of even larger incentive packages offered by governments abroad. Gelsinger also noted Intel has provided detailed recommendations on how the funds should be structured, in response to a request for information by the Commerce Department that closed last week and received more than 200 submissions. Committee leaders from both parties endorsed the subsidy concept, while a handful of senators expressed skepticism or sought additional commitments from the companies. 

Sen. Ron Johnson (R-WI) argued the funds amounted to the government “picking winners,” and Sen. Rick Scott (R-FL) said he had not seen enough evidence that the funds would offer a sufficient return on investment. Meanwhile, Sen. Ed Markey (D-MA) pressed the witnesses to make stronger sustainability commitments, noting for instance that chip manufacturing can be water intensive, and Sen. Tammy Baldwin (D-WI) raised the idea of giving the government a stake in any company that accepts funds. Baldwin has endorsed an amendment to implement such a condition offered by Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-VT), who gave a floor speech last week blasting the subsidies as a “bailout” for a highly profitable industry. Sanders secured a commitment from Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer (D-NY) to eventually hold a floor vote on the amendment, in exchange for not holding up a procedural vote scheduled for this week that will enable the House and Senate to convene a conference committee to reconcile the broader legislative packages the semiconductor funds are attached to.

NNSA Nominee Denies Los Alamos Faces Plutonium ‘Brain Drain’

Marvin Adams, the nominee to lead defense programs at the National Nuclear Security Administration, fielded questions from senators last week about the fiscal and personnel costs of NNSA’s approach to restarting production of plutonium “pits,” the cores of nuclear warheads. NNSA plans to produce at least 30 pits per year at Los Alamos National Lab and at least 50 per year at the Savannah River Site in South Carolina. Senate Armed Services Committee Chair Jack Reed (D-RI) said he has heard concerns there could be a “brain drain from Los Alamos to Savannah, which might leave both institutions without the critical mass of talent to get the job done.” He also suggested that staff might be reluctant for personal reasons to move “from the deserts of New Mexico to the coast of South Carolina.” Adams replied he shared the concern “early on” but now views the plan as a “win-win situation” that has already proven mutually beneficial for the sites, offering to provide details in closed session. Reed and Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-MA) also probed why NNSA’s cost estimate for the Savannah River component of the project had ballooned from $4.6 billion to the current range of $8 billion to $11 billion. Adams replied the initial estimate was made before the facility design was matured and pledged to improve NNSA’s cost assessment process. 

Biophysics Decadal Outlines Steps to Strengthen Field

Last week, the National Academies released the first-ever decadal survey of the “physics of living systems,” recommending actions to cement biological physics as a distinct field rather than as a particular application of physics methods. In a statement, Committee Chair William Bialek argued that “realizing the full potential of the field requires that we rethink how to teach physics, biology, and science in general, revise fragmented funding structures, and welcome and nurture diverse aspiring scientists.” The report asserts that funding for biological physics is “dangerously close to the minimum needed for the health of the field,” and suggests agencies such as the National Science Foundation, which sponsored the study, the Department of Energy, and the National Institutes of Health should increase their level of support and the size of individual grants. The report also recommends that physics departments at research universities build “identifiable efforts in biological physics,” noting that current educational opportunities are limited, particularly at the undergraduate level. 

Report Details Ethics Concerns About OSTP Use of Schmidt Funding

As part of its ongoing coverage of ethical and personal disputes within the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, news outlet Politico reported on March 28 that previously revealed concerns within OSTP about staff members accepting outside funding related specifically to Schmidt Futures, a philanthropic initiative. According to internal correspondence Politico obtained, former OSTP Director Eric Lander used consultants from Schmidt Futures and sought funding from it to pay OSTP staff members’ salaries as part of his effort to expand the office. However, concerns were raised about the propriety and extent of such arrangements by OSTP legal staff, including then-General Counsel Rachel Wallace, who recently filed a whistleblower complaint against OSTP leaders. 

It is not uncommon for OSTP to use consultants and to employ fellows recruited through nonprofit organizations. However, Lander has extensive personal links to Schmidt Futures founder Eric Schmidt, who was formerly CEO of Google and in March 2021 donated $150 million to the Broad Institute, a research center Lander had directed for two decades. Schmidt is also a major advocate in federal science and technology policy, including as co-chair of the National Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence, and last fall Schmidt Futures agreed to administer the Quad Fellowship, a new education initiative that is part of the U.S. effort to strengthen its science and technology partnerships with Australia, India, and Japan. Lander, who was a member of President Biden’s Cabinet, resigned from federal service in February after complaints from Wallace and others about his treatment of staff members became public. An OSTP spokesperson told Politico that the office has been consistently in full compliance with ethics policies.

UK Freezes Science Ties With Russia

The government of the United Kingdom announced on March 27 it will suspend bilateral science partnerships with Russia in response to its invasion of Ukraine, the latest in a series of Western countries to freeze ties. The U.K. has paused all payments of public research funds and implemented a moratorium on new collaborations, while stopping short of prohibiting interactions with individual Russian scientists. “Our aim is to introduce measures that will negatively impact the Russian state, and individuals and organizations with strong links to the Kremlin, but not to sanction individual innocent Russian scientists or innovators with benign research interests,” explained U.K. science minister George Freeman in a statement. 

Events this week
All times are Eastern Daylight Time, unless otherwise noted. Listings do not imply endorsement.

Monday, March 28

UN: Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space Legal Subcommittee meeting

(continues through April 8)

 

Atlantic Council: “The Geopolitics of the Energy Transition”

(continues Tuesday)

 

Senate: “Made in America: The Future of Automotive Innovation and Semiconductor Chips”

10:00 am, Commerce, Science, and Transportation Committee

 

Heritage Foundation: “How to Reform DOD’s PPBE Process”

11:00 - 11:45 am

 

APS: “The Nuclear Dimensions of the War in Ukraine”

12:30 pm

 

Tuesday, March 29

NIST: “Building the NIST AI Risk Management Framework,” workshop two

(continues through Thursday)

 

Lunar and Planetary Institute: “Low-Cost Science Mission Concepts for Mars Exploration”

(continues through Thursday)

 

USGS: Scientific Earthquake Studies Advisory Committee meeting

(continues on Thursday)

 

DOE: Advanced Scientific Computing Advisory Committee meeting

(continues Wednesday)

 

Battelle: “Conference on Innovations In Climate Resilience”

(continues Wednesday)

 

NSF: Mathematical and Physical Sciences Advisory Committee meeting

(continues Wednesday)

 

National Academies: “Workshop on Building Public Trust in Public Health Emergency Preparedness and Response Science”

(continues Wednesday)

 

Heritage Foundation: “Putin’s War and the Threat from Communist China: An Address by Sen. Marco Rubio (R-FL)”

9:00 - 10:00 am

 

ITIF: “How Using March-in Rights Would Threaten America's Research Universities”

9:30 - 11:00 am

 

Bipartisan Policy Center: “Leveraging Natural Gas Networks to Achieve Net-Zero,” with Rep. Scott Peters (D-CA)

10:00 - 11:15 am

 

House: Hearing to review the president’s budget request for FY23

10:00 am, Budget Committee

 

VCDNP: “The A/CPPNM and Nuclear Security: A Conversation with U.S. Under Secretary of State Bonnie Jenkins”

10:00 - 11:00 am CEST

 

Environmental Law Institute: “Updates to Energy and Environmental Justice: A Fireside Chat with DOE and Senate Staff”

12:00 - 1:00 pm

 

National Academies: “Accelerating Decarbonization in the U.S.: Non-profit Perspectives”

12:00 - 2:00 pm

 

White House: “Let’s Clear the Air on COVID: An OSTP Discussion on Clean Indoor Air”

12:30 - 2:30 pm

 

AAAS: “Barriers to Equitable Implementation of Green and Nature-Based Solutions: States and Municipalities Panel”

1:00 - 2:30 pm

 

National Air and Space Museum: “NASA's Earth Information System: Open and Accessible Science to Improve Life on Earth”

8:00 - 9:00 pm

 

Wednesday, March 30

NASA: Astrophysics Advisory Committee meeting 

(continues Thursday)

 

White House: Environmental Justice Advisory Council meeting

(continues Thursday)

 

CSIS: “The North Korean Missile Threat: Expert Roundtable”

9:30 - 10:45 am

 

George Washington University: “Celebrating 50 Years of GWU’s International S&T Policy Program”

10:00 am - 7:00 pm

 

House: “Preventing Pandemics through U.S. Wildlife-borne Disease Surveillance”

10:00 am, Natural Resources Committee

 

House: “Moving Beyond the Coronavirus Crisis: The Biden Administration’s Progress in Combating the Pandemic and Plan for the Next Phase”

10:00 am, Oversight Committee

 

National Academies: “Advising NSF on its Efforts to Achieve the Nations Vision for the Materials Genome Initiative,” meeting 38

10:30 - 11:15 am

 

Senate: Hearing to review the president’s budget request for FY23

11:00 am, Budget Committee

 

Senate: “Oversight of the Smithsonian Institution”

11:00 am, Rules Committee

 

Hudson Institute: “New Copyright Challenges in the Publishing Industry”

12:00 pm

 

National Academies: “NASA Harvest Earth Observation to Advance Food Security”

1:00 - 2:00 pm

 

NDIA: “Accelerating Commercial Technology into the DOD: Defense Innovation Unit Annual Report Brief”

1:00 - 2:30 pm

 

NSF: Informational webinar on National Medal of Science nomination process

3:00 - 4:00 pm

 

Thursday, March 31

NSTA: National Science Teaching Association conference

(continues through Saturday)

 

Commerce Department: Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee meeting

1:00 - 4:00 pm

 

Senate: “Domestic Critical Mineral Supply Chains”

10:00 am, Energy and Natural Resources Committee

 

House: “The New Normal: Preparing for and Adapting to the Next Phase of COVID-19”

10:00 am, Science Committee

 

House: “Skill, Upskill, and Reskill: Analyzing New Investments in Workforce Development”

10:00 am, Small Business Committee

 

House: Hearing to review the HHS budget request for FY23

10:00 am, Appropriations Committee

 

House: “Connecting America: Oversight of the FCC”

10:30 am, Energy and Commerce Committee

 

Atlantic Council: “Launching the Sweden–U.S. Green Transition Initiative: Innovation and Cooperation Driving the Energy Transition”

12:00 - 1:30 pm

 

National Academies: Roman Space Telescope study, meeting five

12:30 - 2:00 pm

 

CQ Roll Call: “Investing in Science and Technology for the Future of U.S. Global Competitiveness,” with Rep. Frank Lucas (R-OK)

1:00 pm

 

CSIS: “Implications for Cybersecurity in Western-Chinese Technology Decoupling”

2:00 - 3:00 pm

 

Friday, April 1

House: “America’s Natural Solutions: The Climate Benefits of Investing in Healthy Ecosystems”

9:30 am, Climate Crisis Committee

 

House: “FY23 Hearing to Review DOD Strategy, Policy, and Programs for Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction”

10:00 am, Armed Services Committee

 

NSPN: “Diplomacy Skills: Negotiation 101 for STEM Trainees”

5:00 - 7:00 pm

 

Monday, April 4

NSPN: Spirit Week

(continues through Sunday)

 

Space Foundation: 37th Space Symposium

(continues through Thursday)

 

International Academy of Astronautics: 3rd IAA Conference on Space Situational Awareness (continues through Wednesday)

 

World Resources Institute: “Turning Science into Adaptation Action: Event Series on the IPCC WGII Report by the Adaptation Action Coalition”

9:00 - 10:30 am

 

Harvard Belfer Center: “Space-Based Solar Geoengineering and Astropolitics”

12:00 - 1:00 pm

 

Resources for the Future: “Greening the Grid through Demand-Side Automation”

3:00 - 4:15 pm

 

Know of an upcoming science policy event either inside or outside the Beltway? Email us at [email protected].

Opportunities

DOE Hiring Director for High Energy Physics Program

The Department of Energy is hiring a director for its Office of High Energy Physics to replace Jim Siegrist, who is stepping down at the end of this month after more than a decade in the role. Responsibilities for the position include formulating budget requests, coordinating DOE activities with other science agencies, and liaising with stakeholders in Congress and representatives of foreign research institutions. Applications are due April 25.

‘Quad Fellowship’ Accepting Applications from STEM Students

The Quad Fellowship, an educational exchange program supported by the governments of Australia, India, Japan, and the United States, is accepting applications for its inaugural cohort. The fellowship was announced in September 2021 as part of the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue and is managed by Schmidt Futures. It will sponsor 100 people from the four countries to study in STEM fields in the United States beginning in August 2023. Applicants must have earned a bachelor’s degree in a STEM field by that date, and applications are due June 1.

NSF Hiring Materials Research Division Director

The National Science Foundation is hiring a director for its Materials Research Division, responsible for overseeing a more than $300 million portfolio of investments in materials research and education. The director manages the evaluation of grant proposals and allocation of budget resources. Applications are due June 3.

 

For additional opportunities, please visit www.aip.org/fyi/opportunities. Know of an opportunity for scientists to engage in science policy? Email us at [email protected].

Around the web
News and views currently in circulation. Links do not imply endorsement.

Ukraine Crisis

The Verge: Russian government bars its scientists from international conferences, de-emphasizes publication in international databases

Science|Business: Anti-war Russian scientists ambivalent over scientific sanctions against them

Wired: Russia is facing a tech worker exodus

AP: Ukraine war is causing a swift and broad decaying of scientific ties between Moscow and the West

Science|Business: European Commission launches support platform for Ukrainian scientists

Science|Business: Germany sets out new details of scientific sanctions against Russia

Research Professional: German universities appeal for federal funding to help Ukraine refugees

CERN Council: CERN Council takes further measures in response to the invasion of Ukraine

Science: Let’s not abandon Russian scientists (perspective by John Holdren, et al.)

White House

NSTC: Bringing quantum sensors to fruition (report)

OSTP: Let’s clear the air on COVID (perspective by Alondra Nelson)

OSTP: RFI on the energy and climate implications of digital assets

The Intercept: Biden administration drafting order to invoke Defense Production Act for green energy storage technology

White House: Biden announces members of the President’s Committee on the National Medal of Science

Congress

Association of American Universities: Side-by-side comparison of research security provisions in the America COMPETES Act and USICA

American Council on Education: University associations send letter to Congress on priorities for conference negotiations on USICA/COMPETES Act

Commerce Department: Bipartisan national security experts urge Congress to pass competitiveness legislation

Roll Call: Competition bill could carry high-skilled immigration changes

E&E News: Sen. Joe Manchin (D-WV) ready to engage on reconciliation

Washington Post: Sen. Manchin launches new push for ‘all of the above’ energy bill

New York Times: How Manchin aided coal, and earned millions

Senate Energy Committee: Manchin and Sen. Barrasso (R-WY) introduce Mining Schools Act

House Minority Leader: Priorities of the China Task Force (video)

Science, Society, and the Economy

Nature: Documents reveal NASA's internal struggles over renaming Webb telescope

Toronto Globe and Mail: What the life of Soviet nuclear physicist Andrei Sakharov taught us about freedom and science (perspective by John Polanyi)

Science: Scientists have been harassed for years. But a Science survey shows the pandemic has made things far worse for some

Science: Studying the spread of misinformation should become a top scientific priority, says biologist Carl Bergstrom

DOE: Get to work — for real — on communicating basic science (perspective by Rick Borchelt and Keegan Sawyer)

RAND: DHS’s use of emerging technologies: Why public perception matters (report)

Issues in Science and Technology: ‘High-minded enterprise’: Vannevar Bush and postwar science policy (audio interview with G. Pascal Zachary)

Association of American Universities: Serving the needs of rural America (perspective by Barbara Snyder)

United for Medical Research: NIH’s role in sustaining the economy (report)

Roots of Progress: Flywheels of progress (perspective by Jason Crawford)

Education and Workforce

Nature: High-profile trial begins for chemical engineer Franklin Tao accused of hiding China ties

Inside Higher Ed: Yale professors question suspension of biology professor Haifan Lin

Just Security: Amid new trial, end of Chinese espionage ‘initiative’ brings little relief to US academics caught in net of fear (perspective by Michael German and Alex Liang)

DOJ: Chinese government employee convicted of conspiracy to fraudulently obtain visas for visiting researchers

Lawfare: After the China Initiative (perspective by Margaret Lewis)

Sen. Marco Rubio (R-FL): Eight Republican senators urge DOJ to take immediate action to counter CCP espionage, seek details on decision to end the China Initiative

Financial Times: US–China tech race: Spies and lies (audio)

Nature: How the career path to principal investigator is narrowing

Science: Redo college intro science (perspective by David Asai, et al.)

Research Management

Ropes Gray: Implementation of DARPA’s Countering Foreign Influence Program

NSF: Driven by stimulus funding, federal R&D obligations increased 18% in 2020; Largest year-to-year change since 1963

Experimental History: Grant funding is broken. Here's how to fix it (perspective by Adam Mastroianni)

NIH: It's not a grant… it's not a contract… it's an other transaction!

NSF: Interview with former NSF deputy director Cora Marrett

Issues in Science and Technology: Nonprofit research institutions must find new ways to wield their historic strengths (perspective by Fred Gage and Eric Issacs)

What’s New Under the Sun: Steering science with prizes

Nature: The rise of citational justice: How scholars are making references fairer

Japan S&T Agency: Japan’s first full-fledged preprint server Jxiv to be operational

London School of Economics: There are four schools of thought on reforming peer review — can they co-exist? (perspective by Ludo Waltman, et al.)

Scholarly Kitchen: Fraud and peer review (interview with Melinda Baldwin)

Physics Today: Physicists happy to be back face-to-(masked)-face at APS March Meeting

NIST: NIST's investigations of structural disasters: What we do and why they can take years to complete

Chemical and Engineering News: The helium shortage that wasn’t supposed to be (audio)

Labs and Facilities

Denver Post: NCAR fire prompts evacuation of 19,000 people in south Boulder, Eldorado Springs

NSF: Daniel K. Inouye Solar Telescope starts year-long science commissioning phase

NSF: FAQs for update on COVID-19 protocols for the Office of Polar Programs

NSF IG: NSF vetting of US Antarctic Program contractors (report)

Livermore Lab: LLNL tackles 10 years of infrastructure modernization as it anticipates several major projects and a rapidly growing workforce (video)

DOE: Focused independent assessment of emergency management corrective actions at NNSA and Office of Environmental Management sites (report)

Computing and Communications

NIST: NIST seeks comments on draft AI Risk Management Framework, offers guidance on AI bias

The Verge: AI suggested 40,000 new possible chemical weapons in just six hours

Pew Research Center: AI and human enhancement: Americans’ openness is tempered by a range of concerns (report)

Times of Israel: Israeli researchers build country’s first quantum computer

Inverse: New atomic clocks could herald in a ‘second quantum revolution’

FCC: Solicitation of members for World Radiocommunication Conference Advisory Committee

C4ISRNET: NATO wants a say in 5G standardization talks

Wilson Center: Is the US serious about Open RAN? (perspective by Melissa Griffith and Don McLellan)

GAO: Blockchain offers benefits for some applications but faces challenges (report)

Space

SpacePolicyOnline: NASA lays out revised approach for future human lunar landing systems

IEEE: Engineering Lunar Network 2.0: Artemis and other Moon missions will need high-speed communications (perspective by Glenn Zoapette)

JPL: NASA finalizes plans for its next cosmic mapmaker

Financial Times: A ‘$200 million gamble’: UAE Space Agency chair on its mission to Mars (interview with Sarah Al Amiri)

Physics Today: Ballooning satellite populations in low Earth orbit portend changes for science and society

Reuters: Russian space chief says cooperation with Europe now impossible

Ars Technica: Legally, Russia can't just take its space station and go home

SpaceNews: Additional funding unlikely to accelerate commercial space station projects

DARPA: DARPA kicks off program to explore space-based manufacturing

SpaceNews: Satellite supply chains coming under increasing scrutiny

Weather, Climate, and Environment

NOAA: RFI on draft strategic priorities for ocean exploration and characterization of the US Exclusive Economic Zone

NASA: International sea-level satellite Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich takes over from predecessor

The Guardian: NASA asked to extend life of key climate sensor that maps world’s forests

BAMS: The Integrated Carbon Observation System in Europe (paper by Jouni Heiskanen, et al.)

DOE: DOE to provide $84 million for new research involving Urban Integrated Field Laboratories

Wall Street Journal: Russia’s war on Ukraine upends Arctic climate-change research

NPR: Astronomy's contribution to climate change rivals the emissions from some countries

CRS: Stratospheric ozone treaties and the Kigali Amendment: Ratification considerations

Securities and Exchange Commission: SEC proposes rules to enhance and standardize climate-related disclosures for investors

Energy

Politico: Management style of DOE chief of staff prompts internal complaint

Utility Dive: DOE turns to energy storage to build resilience, energy affordability in underserved communities

Sen. Joe Manchin (D-WV): West Virginia Hydrogen Hub Coalition takes next step to secure hub In West Virginia

DOE Electricity Advisory Committee: Strengthening the resilience of defense

critical electric infrastructure: Recommendations for DOE (report)

The Economist: Developers of small modular reactors hope their time has come

World Nuclear News: US test reactor prepares for restart

Physics World: Could commercial fusion power plants get us to net zero?

Nature: Four research teams powering China's net-zero energy goal

Defense

ScienceInsider: Dirty bomb ingredients go missing from Chernobyl monitoring lab

MIT Technology Review: What is the risk of a nuclear accident in Ukraine? A radiation expert speaks from Kyiv (interview with Vadim Chumak)

New York Times: The smaller bombs that could turn Ukraine into a nuclear war zone

Searchlight New Mexico: The war in Ukraine has put Los Alamos' nuclear-weapons mission in the spotlight

BuzzFeed News: Dozens of men got sick during a secret training exercise at a nuclear site in 1991. They're still fighting for answers

DOE: Independent assessment of specific administrative controls at the Lawrence Livermore National Lab Plutonium Facility-Building 332 (report)

Exchange Monitor: NNSA's new high-explosive fabrication facility to open in 2024

Defense News: DOD acquisition nominee pledges to push advanced tech, small-business opportunities

DOD: Department seeks greater partnerships with university research centers

AUSA: Hypersonic weapons development in China, Russia and the US: Implications for American security policy (report)

CNN: Here's how US missile defense could be fooled by an ICBM (video)

Breaking Defense: Iron Dome laser-based option, Iron Beam, takes major step forward

Biomedical

STAT: NIH’s identity crisis: The pandemic and the search for a new leader leave the agency at a crossroads

Politico: Could Biden's FTC trip up his cancer moonshot?

BuzzFeed News: A possible Senate change to CDC leadership has public health experts worried

National Academies: Designing COVID-19 vaccine requirements and incentive programs (report)

The Times of Northwest Indiana: Indiana senator Todd Young (R-IN) will help set national policy on biotechnology

Chemical and Engineering News: War in Ukraine has knock-ons for drug discovery

Foreign Affairs: America and Europe must be ready for Russian biological or chemical attacks (perspective by Micahel Olsterholm and Mark Olshaker)

War on the Rocks: Lessons from the first time Russia accused the US of biowarfare (perspective by Conrad Crane)

The Lancet: Financing the future of WHO (perspective by Lawrence Gostin, et al.)

International Affairs

Physics World: China overtakes the US in terms of research quality, finds study

Xinhua: China's science foundation ups research budget by 6.8% to $5.2 billion

China File: Will China set global tech standards? (invited perspectives)

CRS: US export controls and China

Georgetown University: Chinese technology and the US–China relationship with Douglas Fuller (audio)

Reuters: FCC adds Russia's Kaspersky Lab, China telecom firms to national security threat list

Wall Street Journal: Chip sanctions challenge Russia’s tech ambitions

CNAS: Deepening US–South Korea cooperation on technology and innovation

Times Higher Education: Concern as Brussels ‘borrows’ €400 million from Horizon Europe to fund Chips Act

Science|Business: European Commission to review research agenda due to Ukraine invasion

Science|Business: Draft work programs for European climate, widening and research infrastructures leaked

Science|Business: New recruitment strategies help research managers attract talent to eastern Europe