CHIPS and Science Act - H.R.4346

Overview
Purpose
Appropriates funds to implement the CHIPS for America Act and updates policy for programs across DOE, NSF, NIST, and NASA.
Primary Sponsors
Sen. Chuck Schumer (D-NY)
Actions
Actions on the House bill
Bill enacted
08/09/2022
Passed House by vote of 243 - 187
07/28/2022
Passed Senate by vote of 64 - 33
07/27/2022
"CHIPS and Science Act" introduced as a substitute amendment in Senate
07/19/2022
Introduced as the "Supreme Court Security Funding Act"
07/01/2021
Status update

The original content of H.R.4346 was replaced when it was used as a vehicle for the CHIPS and Science Act

Relevant FYI Bulletins

A month into fiscal year 2023, federal science agencies are facing a budget situation more complicated than any they have encountered in recent memory. While some programs are busy handling an influx of money from special spending legislation, others face uncertainties surrounding stopgap funding and whether Congress will meet targets set out in the CHIPS and Science Act.

The CHIPS and Science Act authorizes a suite of new regional technology development initiatives, reflecting substantial congressional interest in expanding the geographical distribution of innovative activity in the U.S. Enhancing regional innovation will also be central to implementing the legislation’s semiconductor provisions, according to the Department of Commerce.

Over the last several years, Congress has passed multi-pronged policy initiatives and provided billions of dollars in funding to spur the deployment of “advanced” nuclear reactors, and a sprawling array of projects are now in progress.

The new CHIPS and Science Act includes a variety of provisions aimed at promoting diversity, equity, and inclusion within the STEM workforce through grant support and workforce research, and by instituting new requirements for data collection and ethical research conduct.

The new CHIPS and Science Act outlines an ambitious vision for research infrastructure, encompassing large-scale science facility construction projects as well as initiatives in areas such as quantum computing, high-intensity lasers, and research reactors.

With the CHIPS and Science Act set to channel billions of dollars into U.S. semiconductor R&D and manufacturing, chip companies and other stakeholders are weighing in on how to best structure the new programs.

Science advocates are pressing Congress to approve the large budget increases recommended by the CHIPS and Science Act.

Following a month of intense activity in Congress, lawmakers have passed bipartisan semiconductor funding and innovation policy measures that have been in the works since the Trump administration. Meanwhile, Democrats also revived the fortunes of a partisan spending bill that includes funding for climate change mitigation as well as a significant boost for some science budgets.

Congress is on the cusp of approving historic legislation that would provide more than $50 billion to the semiconductor sector and lay out ambitious expansion plans for a set of federal science agencies.

Democratic leaders are narrowing their ambitions for Congress’ bipartisan innovation policy bill in a push to finish it in July, but many questions remain about what the final product will look like.