Federal Science Budget Tracker - FY2023

 

The Federal Science Budget Tracker provides up-to-date information on appropriations proposals and outcomes for physical sciences programs.

Tracker Contents

The tabs on this page contain tables of figures and links to resources detailing federal spending proposals and outcomes for agencies that support the physical sciences. The tabs are updated as new spending proposals and other information become available. Each agency tab has the following information:

  • FYI Bulletins: For each agency in the budget tracker, FYI writes articles that describe the president's budget request, compare the House and Senate spending proposals, and analyze the final appropriations legislation.
  • Appropriation tables: Summary tables with budget figures for major subprograms are included for each agency. More detailed tables are included for selected agencies.
  • Reference material: Links are provided to key budget documents, committee hearings, markups, and administration statements.

If you have any questions or comments about the tracker, please email [email protected].

Tracker Methodology

The tracker currently includes funding provided through the annual discretionary appropriations process. Mandatory appropriations are excluded, including those provided by the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act, the Inflation Reduction Act, and the CHIPS and Science Act. Supplemental appropriations for disaster response and recovery are also excluded. Any exceptions are denoted in footnotes.

Budget figures for agency programs and projects are extracted from budget request documents, appropriations legislation, and explanatory reports that accompany the legislation. The House, Senate, and final versions of these reports are linked to in the references section. If the report does not specify a figure for a program, the corresponding table cell is filled with a dash symbol.

In all tables, figures above $10 million are rounded to the nearest million and figures below $10 million are rounded to the nearest tenth of a million. All percent changes are calculated relative to the prior year’s appropriation level. Percent changes above 1% are rounded to the nearest percent.

The below chart summarizes the outcome of the FY23 budget cycle:

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Budget Request

The president's budget request is the first step of the annual budget process. The request includes detailed spending and policy proposals for all federal agencies. By statute, it is required to be submitted to Congress by the first Monday in February, though it is often delayed, particularly during the first year of a new presidency.

After receiving the request, each of the 12 appropriations subcommittees in the House and Senate develop their own spending proposals for agencies under their respective jurisdictions. The full appropriations committees then amend the bills and send them to the floor for further consideration.

Differences between the House and Senate bills are often resolved in behind-the-scenes negotiations. The bills are also often bundled into one or more spending packages before Congress takes a final vote. If the process is not completed by the start of the fiscal year on Oct. 1, Congress must pass a stopgap spending measure to avoid a government shutdown. 

Reference Material

 

Budget Request Documents Year
Overall Budget Request FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
DOE Office of Science FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
DOE Applied Energy Offices FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
National Nuclear Security Administration FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
NASA FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
National Science Foundation FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Department of Defense RDT&E FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
National Institute of Standards and Technology FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
National Institutes of Health FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
U.S. Geological Survey FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23

 

Department of Energy Office of Science

The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the federal government's largest funder of fundamental research in the physical sciences. The office oversees 10 of the 17 DOE national labs, and its budget is primarily structured around six programs dedicated respectively to advanced computing, basic energy sciences, fusion and plasma sciences, high energy physics, nuclear physics, and biological and environmental research. Together, these programs steward a fleet of major user facilities and research centers.

Jump to:

 

FYI Bulletins

 

FY23 DOE Office of Science Appropriations
($ millions, % change from FY22)
Account FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
Office of Science 7,026 7,475 7,799 4% 8,000 7% 8,100 8% 8,100 8%
Advanced Scientific Computing Research 1,015 1,035 1,069 3% 1,050 1% 1,077 4% 1,068 3%
Basic Energy Sciences 2,245 2,308 2,420 5% 2,495 8% 2,540 10% 2,534 10%
Fusion Energy Sciences 672 713 723 1% 768 8% 743 4% 763 7%
High Energy Physics1 1,029 1,078 1,122 4% 1,158 7% 1,168 8% 1,166 8%
Nuclear Physics2 635 728 739 2% 780 7% 805 11% 805 11%
Biological and Environmental Research 753 815 904 11% 905 11% 914 12% 909 12%
Account FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
Accelerator R&D and Production1 17 18 27 52% 27 52% 27 52% 27 52%
Isotope R&D and Production2 78 82 97 19% 97 19% 115 41% 109 33%
Science Laboratories Infrastructure 240 291 255 -12% 276 -5% 268 -8% 281 -4%
Science Program Direction 192 202 211 5% 211 5% 211 5% 211 5%
Safeguards and Security 121 170 190 11% 190 11% 189 11% 184 8%
Workforce Development for Teachers and Scientists 29 35 41 18% 42 20% 41 18% 42 20%

Figures exclude $1.55 billion in one-time funds from the Inflation Reduction Act.

1. HEP figures exclude the Accelerator Stewardship program, which has been transferred to a new Office of Accelerator R&D and Production.

2. NP figures exclude the Isotope program and the Stable Isotope Production and Research Center project, which have been transferred to a new Office of Isotope R&D and Production.

 

FY23 DOE Office of Science Appropriations, Advanced Scientific Computing Research
($ millions, % change from FY22)
Account FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
Advanced Scientific Computing Research 1,015 1,035 1,069 3% 1,050 1% 1,077 4% 1,068 3%
Line Item Construction 169 129 77 -40% 77 -40% 77 -40% 77 -40%
Exascale Computing Project 169 129 77 -40% 77 -40% 77 -40% 77 -40%
All Other Accounts 846 906 992 9% 973 7% 1,000 10% 991 9%
Mathematical, Computational, and Computer Sciences Research 260 *260 379 46% *300 15% *280 8% *300 15%
Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility 230 250 248 -1% *250 0% 263 5% *255 2%
Argonne Leadership Computing Facility 154 *160 160 0% *170 6% 178 11% *175 9%
National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center 111 *120 113 -6% *120 0% 130 8% *130 8%
ESnet 91 *90 90 0% *90 0% 91 1% *90 0%

* "Not less than"

 

FY23 DOE Office of Science Appropriations, Basic Energy Sciences
($ millions, % change from FY22)
Account FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
Basic Energy Sciences 2,245 2,308 2,420 5% 2,495 8% 2,540 10% 2,534 10%
Line Item Construction1 389 304 293 -4% 293 -4% 293 -4% 293 -4%
Linac Coherent Light Source-II 36 32 0 -100% 0 -100% 0 -100% 0 -100%
  TEC 36 28 0   0   0   0  
  OPC - 4 0   0   0   0  
LCLS-II High Energy Upgrade 58 53 94 77% 94 77% 94 77% 94 77%
  TEC 56 50 90   90   90   90  
  OPC 2 3 4   *4   4   4  
Advanced Photon Source Upgrade 157 106 14 -87% 14 -87% 14 -87% 14 -87%
  TEC 157 101 9   9.2   9.2   9.2  
  OPC - 5 5   *5   5   5  
Advanced Light Source Upgrade 62 75 135 80% 135 80% 135 80% 135 80%
  TEC 62 75 135   135   135   135  
  OPC - - 0   -   -   -  
Spallation Neutron Source Proton Power Upgrade 55 17 17 0% 17 0% 17 0% 17 0%
  TEC 52 17 17   17   17   17  
  OPC 3 - 0   -   -   -  
Spallation Neutron Source Second Target Station 42 32 37 16% 37 16% 37 16% 37 16%
  TEC 29 32 32   32   32   32  
  OPC 13 - 5   *5   5   5  
Cryomodule Repair and Maintenance Facility 2 3 10 233% 10 233% 10 233% 10 233%
  TEC 1 1 10   10   10   10  
  OPC 1 2 0   -   -   -  
NSLS-II Experimental Tools-II 5.5 *15 25 67% 25 67% *25 67% *25 67%
Nanoscale Science Research Centers Recapitalization 5 15 25 67% 25 67% 25 67% 25 67%
HFIR Pressure Vessel Replacement - - - - 2 - 2   *2  
NSLS-II Experimental Tools-III - - - - - - 2 - 2 -
Account FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
All Other Accounts 1,856 2,004 2,127 6% 2,202 10% 2,247 12% 2,241 12%
X-Ray Light Sources 525 *538 509 -5% *566 5% *566 5% *566 5%
High Flux Neutron Sources 292 *294 281 -5% *311 6% *311 6% *331 6%
Nanoscale Science Research Centers 139 *142 135 -5% *149 5% *149 5% *149 5%
Energy Frontier Research Centers 115 *130 129 0% *130 0% *130 0% *130 0%
Joint Center for Energy Storage Research 24 25 25 0% *25 0% 25 0% 25% 0%
Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis 20 *20 21 4% *20 0% 20 0% *20 0%
EPSCoR 25 25 35 40% *35 40% 35 40% 35 40%

TEC = Total Estimated Costs, OPC = Other Project Costs (see note)

1. FY21 figures take account of reprogrammings to the APS-U, LCLS-II, and LCLS-II-HE projects.

* "Not less than"

** "Up to"

 

FY23 DOE Office of Science Appropriations, Fusion Energy Sciences
($ millions, % change from FY22)
Account FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
Fusion Energy Sciences 672 713 723 1% 768 8% 743 4% 763 7%
Non-ITER 430 471 483 3% 526 12% 503 5% 521 11%
ITER 242 242 240 -1% 242 0% 240 -1% 242 0%
Line Item Construction 257 253 241 -5% 253 0% 251 -1% 253 0%
ITER 242 242 240 -1% 242 0% 240 -1% 242 0%
Matter in Extreme Conditions Petawatt Upgrade2 16 11 1 -91% 11 0% 11 0% 11 0%
  TEC 15 11 1   11   11   11  
  OPC 0.8 - 0   -   -   -  
All Other Accounts 415 460 482 5% 515 12% 492 7% 510 11%
Material Plasma Exposure eXperiment1 29 *25 14 -44% *14 -44% *14 -44% *14 -44%
Milestone-Based Fusion Energy Development Program3 - 25 25 0 *25 0% - - *25 0%

TEC = Total Estimated Costs, OPC = Other Project Costs (see note)

1. FY21 figure includes $8 million provided above the original enacted level.

2. The FY21 enacted amount for OPC was $2 million, but the funding was later reduced to $800,000.

3. FY22 and FY23 figures are drawn from a presentation by DOE.

* "Not less than"

 

FY23 DOE Office of Science Appropriations, High Energy Physics
($ millions, % change from FY22)
Account FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
High Energy Physics1 1,029 1,078 1,122 4% 1,158 7% 1,168 8% 1,166 8%
Line Item Construction 252 268 298 11% 298 11% 298 11% 298 11%
Long-Baseline Neutrino Facility 173 **189 180 -5%            
  TEC 171 176 176   176   176   176  
  OPC 2 **13 4   -   -   -  
Proton Improvement Plan-II 79 90 120 33% 120 33% 120 33% 120 33%
  TEC 79 90 120   120   120   120  
  OPC - - -   -   -   -  
Muon to Electron Conversion Experiment 2 2 2 0% 2 0% 2 0% 2 0%
All Other Accounts 777 810 824 2% 860 6% 870 7% 868 7%
High Luminosity LHC Upgrades Total 73 *40 85 113% - - *85 113% - -
  HL-LHC Accelerator Upgrade 43 - 30 - - - - - - -
  HL-LHC ATLAS Detector Upgrade 16 - 28 - - - - - - -
  HL-LHC CMS Detector Upgrade 14 - 28 - - - - - - -
Cosmic Microwave Background-S4 Experiment 7 **20 1 -95% - - 6 -70% **10 -50%

TEC = Total Estimated Costs, OPC = Other Project Costs (see note)

1. Figures exclude the Accelerator Stewardship program, which has been transferred to a new Office of Accelerator R&D and Production.

* "Not less than"

** "Up to"

 

FY23 DOE Office of Science Appropriations, Nuclear Physics
($ millions, % change from FY22)
Account FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
Nuclear Physics1 635 728 739 2% 780 7% 805 11% 805 11%
Line Item Construction 10 20 20 0% 35 75% 50 150% 50 150%
Electron Ion Collider TEC 5 20 20 0% 35 75% 50 150% 50 150%
Electron Ion Collider OPC 25 - 10 - - - *20 - *20 -
All Other Accounts 625 708 719 2% 745 5% 755 7% 755 7%
Gamma-Ray Energy Tracking Array 6.6 **16 - - **16 -2% **16 -2% **16 -2%
Super Pioneering High Energy Nuclear Interaction Experiment 5.5 - - - - - - - - -
Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay Experiment 1.4 **1.4 - - - - **1.4 0% - -
MOLLER 5 **16 - - **14 -14% **14 -14% **14 -14%
High Rigidity Spectrometer 3 **13 - - **15 15% **15 15% **15 15%

TEC = Total Estimated Costs, OPC = Other Project Costs (see note)

1. Figures exclude the Isotope program and the Stable Isotope Production and Research Center project, which have been transferred to a new Office of Isotope R&D and Production.

* "Not less than"

** "Up to"

 

FY23 DOE Office of Science Appropriations, Biological and Environmental Research
($ millions, % change from FY22)
Account FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
Biological and Environmental Research 753 815 904 11% 905 11% 914 12% 909 11%
Earth and Environmental Systems Sciences 350 *410 436 6% *435 6% 422 3% *425 4%
Biological Systems Science 403 *395 468 19% *405 3% 406 3% *405 3%
Bioenergy Research Centers *100 *100 - - *105 5% *120 20% *110 10%
Joint Genome Institute 80 83 85 3% *90 9% 90 9% *90 9%
Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Research Facility 73 - 87 - - - - - - -
Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory 45 - 53 - *65 - *65 - *65 -
Low-Dose Radiation Research *5 *8 - - **20 150% - - **20 150%

* "Not less than"

** "Up to"

Note

Total Estimated Costs (TEC) encompass all engineering design and facility construction costs.

Other Project Costs (OPC) are used for conceptual design, facility commissioning, and permitting requirements.

Some projects are classified as Major Items of Equipment if their estimated construction costs fall under a specified threshold. MIEs do not differentiate between OPC and TEC funds.

 

Reference Material

Document Year
Budget Request FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
House Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Senate Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Final Bill FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Final Joint Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23

 

Committees Hearings Bills Markups Administration
Statements
House Appropriations April 28
May 12
H.R.8255 June 21
June 28
July 18
Senate Appropriations May 4 S.4660    
House Science Committee April 27 - - -
Senate Energy and Natural Resources May 5 - - -

 

DOE National Nuclear Security Administration

DOE's semi-autonomous National Nuclear Security Administration supports research related to the maintenance of the U.S. nuclear stockpile, nuclear threat reduction, and military nuclear propulsion, and responds to nuclear and radiological emergencies in the United States and abroad. It oversees three of the 17 DOE national labs.

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FYI Bulletins

 

FY23 National Nuclear Security Administration Appropriations
($ millions, % change from FY22)
Account FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
NNSA 19,732 20,656 21,410 4% 21,232 3% 22,102 7% 22,163 7%
Weapons Activities 15,345 15,920 16,486 4% 16,333 3% 16,986 7% 17,116 8%
Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation1 2,260 2,354 2,346 0% 2,424 3% 2,415 3% 2,490 6%
Naval Reactors 1,648 1,918 2,081 9% 2,000 4% 2,081 9% 2,081 9%
Federal Salaries and Expenses 443 464 496 7% 475 2% 496 7% 475 2%

1. FY23 figure incorporates use of $123 million in prior year balances.

 

FY23 NNSA Stockpile Research, Technology, and Engineering
($ millions, % change from FY22)
Account FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
Stockpile Research, Technology, and Engineering1 3,003 2,978 2,895 -3% 2,955 -1% 2,969 0% 3,062 3%
Assessment Science1 930 904 855 -5% 889 -2% 855 -5% 855 -5%
Primary Assessment Technologies 150 150 155 3% 155 3% 155 3% 155 3%
Dynamic Material Properties 131 131 124 -5% 131 0% 124 -5% 124 -5%
Advanced Diagnostics 36 36 31 -14% 36 0% 31 -14% 31 -14%
Secondary Assessment Technologies 84 84 72 -14% 84 0% 72 -14% 72 -14%
Enhanced Capabilities for Subcritical Experiments 216 216 277 29% 277 29% 277 29% 277 29%
Hydrodynamic and Subcritical Experiment Execution Support 153 153 142 -7% 153 0% 142 -7% 142 -7%
U1a Complex Enhancements Project1 161 135 53 -61% 53 -61% 53 -61% 53 -61%
Engineering and Integrated Assessments 337 342 366 7% 341 0% 335 -2% 389 14%
Archiving and Support 46 46 44 -4% 46 0% 44 -4% 44 -4%
Delivery Environments 39 39 38 -4% 39 0% 38 -4% 38 -4%
Weapons Survivability 60 60 93 57% 93 57% 93 57% 93 57%
Aging and Lifetimes 62 87 60 -32% 87 0% 87 0% 87 0%
Stockpile Responsiveness 70 50 69 37% 10 -80% 10 -80% 64 27%
Advanced Certification and Qualification 61 60 58 -4% 60 0% 58 -4% 58 -4%
Account FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
Inertial Confinement Fusion 575 580 544 -6% 585 1% 630 9% 630 9%
HED and Ignition Science for Stockpile Applications 115 - 105 - - - - - - -
ICF Diagnostics and Instrumentation 73 - 68 - - - - - - -
Facility Operations 387 - 372 - - - - - - -
National Ignition Facility *349 *350 - - *351 0% - - *380 9%
OMEGA Laser Facility *82 *83 - - *84 1% - - *86 4%
Z Facility *67 *67 - - *68 1% - - *83 23%
Advanced Simulation and Computing1 761 747 743 -1% 743 -1% 751 0% 790 6%
Integrated Codes 138 - 156 - - - - - - -
Physics and Engineering Models 78 - 78 - - - - - - -
Verification and Validation 62 - 59 - - - - - - -
Advanced Technology Development and Mitigation 40 - 12 - - - - - - -
Computational Systems and Software Environments 238 - 254 - - - - - - -
Facility Ops and User Support 176 - 185 - - - - - - -
Exascale Computing Facility Modernization Project1 29 0 0 - - - - - - -
Account FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
Weapon Technology and Manufacturing Maturation 298 293 286 -2% 286 -2% 286 -2% 286 -2%
Surety Technologies 54 - 51 - - - - - - -
Weapons Technology Development 132 - 121 - - - - - - -
Advanced Manufacturing Development 112 - 113 - - - - - - -
Academic Programs 102 112 100 -10% 112 0% 112 0% 112 0%
Stewardship Science Academic Alliance 31 - 24 - - - - - - -
Minority Serving Institution Partnership 35 40 40 0% 45 13% 40 0% 45 13%
Tribal Education Partnership Program 5 10 5 -50% 10 0% 10 0% 10 0%
Joint Program in High Energy Density Laboratory Plasmas 8.7 - 8.8 - - - - - - -
Computational Science Graduate Fellowships 2 - 2 - - - - - - -
Predictive Science Academic Alliance Program 20 - 20 - - - - - - -

1. Figures reflect NNSA's proposal to account for the budgets of the U1a Complex Enhancements Project and the Exascale Computing Facility Modernization Project within the Stockpile Research, Technology, and Engineering account rather than the Infrastructure and Operations account.

* "Not less than"

 

FY23 NNSA Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Appropriations
($ millions, % change from FY22)
Account FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation1 2,260 2,354 2,346 0% 2,424 3% 2,415 3% 2,490 6%
Material Management and Minimization 401 343 451 31% 453 32% 481 40% 464 35%
Conversion 110 101 153 52% 153 52% 153 52% 153 52%
Nuclear Material Removal 40 42 42 -1% 43 3% 72 70% 55 31%
Material Disposition 191 200 256 28% 256 28% 256 28% 256 28%
Laboratory and Partnership Support 60 0 0 - - - - - - -
Global Material Security 529 531 504 -5% 517 -3% 557 5% 533 0%
Domestic Radiologic Security 185 158 - - - - - - - -
International Radiologic Security 90 95 - - - - - - - -
Radiological Security - - 245 - 253 - 270 - 260 3%
Nuclear Smuggling Detection 175 199 178 -10% 178 -10% 196 -1% 185 -7%
International Nuclear Security 79 80 81 2% 86 8% 91 14% 88 10%
Nonproliferation and Arms Control 148 185 208 12% 208 12% 231 25% 231 25%
Account FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
Nonproliferation R&D 642 729 720 -1% 756 4% 775 6% 768 5%
Proliferation Detection2 255 269 287 7% 297 10% 299 11% 299 11%
Nuclear Detonation Detection2 267 295 279 -5% 285 -3% 279 -5% 279 -5%
Nonproliferation Fuels Development 20 20 - -100% 20 0% 20 0% 20 0%
Nonproliferation Stewardship Program 60 100 109 9% 109 9% 133 32% 125 25%
National Technical Nuclear Forensics3 40 45 44 -1% 45 0% 44 -1% 44 -1%
Nuclear Counterterrorism Incident Response Program 378 371 439 18% 439 18% 470 27% 470 27%
Nonproliferation Construction 149 156 72 -54% 99 -37% 72 -54% 72 -54%
Surplus Plutonium Disposition Project 149 156 72 -54% 99 -37% 72 -54% 72 -54%

1. FY23 figure incorporates use of $123 million in prior year balances.

2. Funds for nuclear test detonation activities from transferred from Proliferation Detection to Nuclear Detonation Detection in FY21.

3. Prior to FY21, funding for National Technical Nuclear Forensics R&D was included in Nuclear Detonation Detection. It was separated out into a new program in FY21 but merged back within the Nonproliferation R&D account in FY22.

 

Reference Material

Document Year
Budget Request FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
House Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Senate Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Final Bill FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Final Joint Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23

 

Committees Hearings Bills Markups Administration
Statements
House Appropriations April 28
May 11
H.R.8255 June 21
June 28
July 18
Senate Appropriations May 4
May 18
S.4660    
House Armed Services May 17 H.R.7900 June 22 July 12
Senate Armed Services April 27
May 19
S.4543 June 15 Oct. 18

 

Department of Energy Applied Energy Offices

DOE supports a wide range of research, development, and deployment activities through offices focused on nuclear, fossil, and renewable energy, and energy system integrity. In 2022, the department launched an Office of Clean Energy Demonstrations to coordinate major technology demonstration and deployment efforts. In addition, the Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) supports high-risk, high-reward research on energy technologies that are too early in the development process to attract private-sector investment. 

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FYI Bulletins

 

FY23 DOE Applied Energy Appropriations
($ millions, % change from FY22)
Account FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy 2,864 3,200 4,943 54% 4,000 25% 3,799 19% 3,460 8%
Nuclear Energy1 1,508 1,655 1,675 1% 1,780 8% 1,766 7% 1,773 7%
Fossil Energy and Carbon Management 750 825 893 8% 880 7% 880 7% 890 8%
Electricity 212 277 297 7% 350 26% 304 10% 350 26%
Cybersecurity, Energy Security, and Emergency Response (CESER) 156 186 202 9% 205 10% 202 9% 200 8%
Advanced Research Projects Agency–Energy 427 450 700 56% 550 22% 570 27% 470 4%
Clean Energy Demonstrations 0 20 214 970% 189 845% 150 650% 89 345%

Figures exclude funds from the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act and the Inflation Reduction Act.

1. FY23 enacted figure includes $300 million from a supplementary funding measure.

 

FY23 DOE Renewable Energy Appropriations
($ millions, % change from FY22)
Account FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy 2,864 3,200 4,943 54% 4,000 25% 3,799 19% 3,460 8%
Sustainable Transportation 805 840 1,129 34% 995 19% 989 18% 905 8%
Vehicle Technologies 400 420 603 44% 500 19% 520 24% 455 8%
Bioenergy Technologies 255 262 340 30% 310 18% 289 10% 280 7%
Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies 150 158 186 18% 185 17% 180 14% 170 8%
Renewable Energy 646 716 1,330 86% 1,006 41% 899 26% 792 11%
Solar Energy 280 290 535 84% 370 28% 310 7% 318 10%
Wind Energy 110 114 345 203% 250 119% 210 84% 132 16%
Water Power 150 162 191 18% 185 14% 196 21% 179 10%
Geothermal Technologies 106 109 202 85% 156 43% 125 15% 118 8%
Grid Integration - 40 58 44% 45 13% 58 44% 45 13%
Energy Efficiency                    
Advanced Manufacturing 396 416 583 40% 500 20% 505 21% 450 8%
Building Technologies 290 308 392 27% 345 12% 365 19% 332 8%

 

FY23 DOE Nuclear Energy Appropriations
($ millions, % change from FY22)
Account FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
Office of Nuclear Energy1 1,508 1,655 1,675 1% 1,780 8% 1,766 7% 1,773 7%
Directed R&D and University Programs2 - - 161 - - - 105 - - -
Nuclear Energy Enabling Technologies 123 117 103 -12% 101 -14% 93 -20% 95 -19%
Reactor Concepts RD&D 208 257 135 -47% 265 3% 219 -15% 259 1%
Fuel Cycle R&D 309 320 422 32% 437 36% 434 36% 322 1%
Advanced Reactors Demonstration Program1 250 250 230 -8% 265 6% 303 21% 285 14%
Versatile Test Reactor 45 0 45 - 0 - 0 - 0 -

1. FY23 enacted enacted figure for the office includes $300 million from a supplementary funding measure, of which $200 million is for the Advanced Reactors Demonstration Program.

2. Proposed program that would consolidate support for R&D conducted by universities and small businesses.

 

FY23 DOE Fossil Energy Appropriations
($ millions, % change from FY22)
Account FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
Office of Fossil Energy and Carbon Management 750 825 893 8% 880 7% 880 7% 890 8%
Point-Source Carbon Capture 86 99 163 65% 140 41% 135 36% 135 36%
Carbon Dioxide Removal 40 49 65 33% 65 33% 70 43% 70 43%
Carbon Transport and Storage 79 97 122 26% 110 13% 111 14% 110 13%
Carbon Conversion 23 29 50 72% 50 72% 50 72% 50 72%

 

Reference Material

Document Year
Renewable Energy Budget Request FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Nuclear Energy Budget Request FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
ARPA-E Budget Request FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Fossil Energy Budget Request FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Electricity Budget Request FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
House Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Senate Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Final Bill FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Final Joint Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23

 

Committees Hearings Bills Markups Administration
Statements
House Appropriations April 28
May 12
H.R.8255 June 21
June 28
July 18
Senate Appropriations May 4 S.4660    
House Science Committee April 27 - - -
Senate Energy and Natural Resources May 5 - - -
House Energy and Commerce April 28 - - -

 

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Through its Science Mission Directorate, NASA supports a research portfolio that revolves around the development and operation of space-based telescopes, Earth-observing satellites, and interplanetary probes. The agency also supports R&D portfolios in aeronautics and space technology and undertakes crewed spaceflight operations.

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FYI Bulletins

 

FY23 NASA Appropriations
($ millions, % change from FY22)
Account FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
NASA1 23,271 24,041 25,974 8% 25,446 6% 25,974 8% 25,384 6%
Science 7,301 7,614 7,988 5% 7,905 4% 8,046 6% 7,795 2%
Human Exploration 6,555 6,792 7,478 10% 7,324 8% 7,548 11% 7,469 10%
Space Operations 3,988 4,041 4,266 6% 4,256 5% 4,294 6% 4,250 5%
Space Technology 1,100 1,100 1,438 31% 1,250 14% 1,264 15% 1,200 9%
Aeronautics 829 881 972 10% 950 8% 972 10% 935 6%
STEM Engagement 127 137 150 10% 150 10% 150 10% 144 5%
Safety, Security, and Mission Services 2,937 3,021 3,209 6% 3,139 4% 3,229 7% 3,129 4%
Construction and Environmental Compliance and Restoration1 429 410 424 3% 424 3% 424 3% 414 1%
1. FY23 final figure includes $367 million in supplemental funding for the Construction and Environmental Compliance and Restoration account.

 

FY23 NASA Science Appropriations
($ millions, % change from FY22)
Account FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
Science Mission Directorate 7,301 7,614 7,988 5% 7,905 4% 8,046 6% 7,795 2%
Earth Science 2,000 2,065 2,412 17% 2,335 13% 2,346 14% 2,195 6%
Planetary Science 2,700 3,120 3,160 1% 3,200 3% 3,210 3% 3,200 3%
Astrophysics (incl. JWST) 1,771 1,569 1,556 -1% 1,525 -3% 1,561 -1% 1,510 -4%
Heliophysics 751 778 760 -2% 760 -2% 828 6% 805 3%
Biological and Physical Sciences 79 83 100 22% 85 3% 100 22% 85 3%

 

 

Reference Material

Document Year
Budget Request FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
House Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Senate Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Final Bill FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Final Joint Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23

 

Committees Hearings Bills Markups Administration
Statements
House Appropriations May 17 H.R.8256 June 22
June 28
 
Senate Appropriations May 3 S.4664    
House Science Committee - - - -

 

National Science Foundation

NSF funds research projects, fellowships, and the construction and operation of major scientific facilities, such as ground-based telescopes. Notably, Congress typically does not set budgets for NSF's individual research directorates, giving the agency flexibility to apportion the funds between disciplines.

Jump to:

 

FYI Bulletins

 

FY23 National Science Foundation Appropriations
($ millions, % change from FY22)
Account FY21 Actual FY22 Enacted FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
NSF1 8,440 8,838 10,492 19% 9,631 9% 10,338 17% 9,874 12%
NSF - Supplement 8,440 8,838 10,492 19% 9,631 9% 10,338 17% 8,839 0%
Research and Related Activities1, 2 6,761 (see note 2) 8,426 - 7,706 - 8,322 - 7,839 -
STEM Education1, 2 1,111 (see note 2) 1,377 - 1,250 - 1,327 - 1,371 -
Major Research Equipment and Facilities Construction 161 249 187 -25% 187 -25% 187 -25% 187 -25%
Agency Operations and Award Management 385 400 473 18% 460 15% 473 18% 448 12%
Inspector General 18 19 23 23% 23 23% 23 23% 23 23%

1. The FY23 final amount includes $1.04 billion in supplemental appropriations, of which $818 million is for Research and Related Activities and $217 million is for STEM Education. This figure excludes $2.5 million in supplemental appropriations for disaster recovery.

2. The FY22 budget request proposed to consolidate the Graduate Research Fellowship Program budget into the education directorate. However, the final appropriation for FY22 continues to fund the program through both the education and research directorates, while allowing NSF to transfer all the funds to the education directorate. The FY23 budget request repeats the proposal to consolidate the GRFP budget into the education directorate. The figures displayed here reflect the proposed consolidation of the program. Congress accepted the consolidation in fiscal year 2023.

* "Not less than"

 

FY23 National Science Foundation Appropriations
($ millions, % change from FY22)
Account FY21 Actual FY22 Enacted FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
NSF1 8,440 8,838 10,492 19% 9,631 9% 10,338 17% 9,874 12%
Research and Related Activities1, 2 6,761 (see note 2) 8,426 - 7,706 - 8,322 - 7,839 -
Mathematical and Physical Sciences 1,593 - 1,747 - - - - - - -
Geosciences 1,004 - 1,239 - - - - - - -
Polar Programs 484 - 547 - - - - - - -
Engineering 764 - 940 - - - - - - -
Technology, Innovation, and Partnerships 369 - 880 - - - - - - -
Computer and Information Science and Engineering 1,007 - 1,151 - - - - - - -
Biological Sciences 818 - 970 - - - - - - -
Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences 282 - 330 - - - - - - -
EPSCoR 200 *215 247 15% *225 5% *247 15% *245 14%
Account FY21 Actual FY22 Enacted FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
STEM Education1, 2 1,111 (see note 2) 1,377 - 1,250 - 1,327 - 1,371 -
Graduate Research Fellowship2 284 **296 356 20% **320 8% **355 20% **325 10%
Robert Noyce Teacher Scholarships 68 *67 67 0% 68 1% 67 0% 68 1%
CyberCorps Scholarship for Service 60 *63 75 19% *74 17% - - *69 10%
Advanced Technological Education 76 *75 75 0% 78 4% 75 0% 76 1%
Advancing Informal STEM Learning 63 *65 75 15% - - *70 8% 70 8%
Louis Stokes Alliances for Minority Participation 50 *52 71 37% 57 11% 70 35% 56 8%
HBCU Undergraduate Program 37 *38 49 28% 46 20% 47 22% 43 13%
Tribal Colleges and Universities Program 17 *18 23 31% 19 9% 22 26% 20 14%
Hispanic Serving Institutions Program 47 *49 61 25% 60 24% 55 13% 54 10%
INCLUDES 21 *22 51 135% 31 42% 47 116% *24 12%
Account FY21 Actual FY22 Enacted FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
Major Research Equipment and Facilities Construction3 161 249 187 -25% 187 -25% 187 -25% 187 -25%
Antarctic Infrastructure Recapitalization 4 90 60 -33% 60 -33% 60 -33% 60 -33%
Mid-scale Research Infrastructure 74 76 76 0% 76 0% 76 0% 76 0%
High Luminosity LHC Upgrade 29 36 33 -8% 33 -8% 33 -8% 33 -8%
Vera C. Rubin Observatory 34 41 15 -63% 15 -63% 15 -63% 15 -63%
Regional Class Research Vessels 11 5 2.0 -60% 2.0 -60% 2.0 -60% 2 -60%

1. The FY23 final amount includes $1.04 billion in supplemental appropriations, of which $820.7 million is for Research and Related Activities and $217 million is for STEM Education.

2. The FY22 budget request proposed to consolidate the Graduate Research Fellowship Program budget into the education directorate. However, the final appropriation for FY22 continues to fund the program through both the education and research directorates, while allowing NSF to transfer all the funds to the education directorate. The FY23 budget request repeats the proposal to consolidate the GRFP budget into the education directorate. The figures displayed here reflect the proposed consolidation of the program. Congress accepted the consolidation in fiscal year 2023.

3. The FY21 actual figures for some projects are considerably different than the FY21 enacted amounts because NSF carried forward funds due to pandemic disruptions.

* "Not less than"

 

FY23 NSF Budget Request for MPS and GEO Directorates
($ millions, % change from FY21)
Account FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22
Request
FY23
Request
Change
21-23
Mathematical and Physical Sciences 1,362 1,503 1,491 1,530 1,593 1,691 1,747 10%
Astronomical Sciences 252 311 287 279 289 294 294 2%
Chemistry 246 246 247 260 260 284 284 9%
Materials Research 314 337 303 330 330 350 350 6%
Mathematical Sciences 234 238 237 244 244 259 259 6%
Physics 281 311 285 304 304 317 317 4%
Multidisciplinary Activities 35 60 131 112 166 187 243 45%
Geosciences 826 908 970 994 1,004 1,195 1,239 23%
Atmospheric and Geospace Sciences 253 276 303 280 283 342 301 6%
Earth Sciences 179 180 182 199 202 240 206 2%
Ocean Sciences 317 366 371 401 403 476 432 7%
Research, Innovation, Synergies, and Education1 76 86 114 113 116 137 300 158%

1. Prior to the FY23 request, was named the Division of Integrative and Collaborative Education and Research.

 

Reference Material

Document Year
Budget Request FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
House Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Senate Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Final Bill FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Final Joint Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23

 

Committees Hearings Bills Markups Administration
Statements
House Appropriations May 11 H.R.8256 June 22
June 28
 
Senate Appropriations May 3 S.4664    
House Science Committee - - - -

 

Department of Defense

DOD supports a research, development, test, and evaluation portfolio that is currently funded at more than $120 billion. The portfolio is administered through DOD's subsidiary Army, Navy, and Air Force departments as well as "defense-wide" offices and agencies, such as DARPA.

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FYI Bulletins

 

FY23 DOD Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation Appropriations
($ millions, % change from FY22)
Account1 FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
Total RDT&E 110,792 122,846 131,983 7% 134,983 10% 137,602 12% 143,777 17%
Title IV RDT&E Total 107,457 119,211 130,097 9% 131,667 7% 134,625 13% 139,761 17%
Science and Technology 16,873 18,892 16,455 -13% 18,324 -3% 20,532 9% 22,326 18%
Basic Research (6.1) 2,671 2,763 2,376 -14% 2,599 -6% 3,361 22% 2,921 6%
Applied Research (6.2) 6,446 6,908 5,791 -16% 6,567 -5% 7,001 1% 7,796 13%
Advanced Technology Development (6.3) 7,756 9,221 8,288 -10% 9,159 -1% 10,169 10% 11,609 26%
Title IV Non-S&T Accounts 90,584 100,319 113,643 13% 113,343 13% 114,094 14% 117,753 17%
Overseas Contingency Operations Spending 322 - - - - - - -    
Other RDT&E                    
Title VI Defense Health Program RDT&E 2,393 2,633 910 -65% 2,341 -11% 2,002 -24% 3,042 15%
Title VI Chemical Agents and Munitions Destruction RDT&E 942 1,001 975 -3% 975 -3% 975 -3% 975 -3%

1. The enacted figures are drawn from the appropriations legislation, not the president's budget requests. There are sometimes substantial differences between the enacted figures reported in the budget request and those specified in the legislation.

 

FY23 DOD S&T Appropriations
($ millions, % change from FY22)
Account1 FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
Army (6.1 - 6.3) 4,078 4,333 2,743 -37% 3,617 -17% 4,149 -4% 4,950 14%
Basic Research 592 610 467 -23% 536 -12% 695 14% 637 4%
Applied Research 1,525 1,531 884 -42% 1,252 -18% 1,420 -7% 1,812 18%
Advanced Technology Development 1,961 2,192 1,392 -36% 1,828 -17% 2,034 -7% 2,500 14%
Navy (6.1 - 6.3) 2,675 2,954 2,427 -18% 2,859 -3% 3,265 11% 3,415 16%
Basic Research 654 698 589 -16% 636 -9% 807 16% 689 -1%
Applied Research 1,183 1,283 972 -24% 1,182 -8% 1,336 4% 1,487 16%
Advanced Technology Development 838 972 866 -11% 1,041 7% 1,122 15% 1,239 27%
Account FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
Air Force (6.1 - 6.3) 3,103 3,095 2,680 -13% 2,946 -5% 3,203 3% 3,453 12%
Basic Research 537 541 547 1% 552 2% 752 39% 612 13%
Applied Research 1,564 1,586 1,306 -18% 1,481 -7% 1,574 -1% 1,744 10%
Advanced Technology Development 1,002 969 827 -15% 913 -6% 878 -9% 1,096 13%
Space Force (6.1 - 6.3) 217 575 808 40% 867 51% 1,146 99% 1,031 79%
Basic Research - - - - - - 200 - 55 -
Applied Research 217 287 244 -15% 286 0% 340 19% 361 26%
Advanced Technology Development - 289 564 96% 581 101% 606 110% 615 113%
Account FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
Defense-Wide (6.1 - 6.3) 6,801 7,936 7,798 -2% 8,035 1% 8,769 10% 9,477 19%
Basic Research 889 915 773 -15% 874 -4% 908 -1% 927 1%
Applied Research 1,958 2,222 2,386 7% 2,365 6% 2,332 5% 2,392 8%
Advanced Technology Development 3,955 4,800 4,638 -3% 4,796 0% 5,530 15% 6,158 28%

1. The enacted figures are drawn from the appropriations legislation, not the president's budget requests. There are sometimes substantial differences between the enacted figures reported in the budget request and those specified in the legislation.

 

FY23 DOD Basic Research Appropriations
($ millions, % change from FY22)
Account1 FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
Army Basic Research 592 610 467 -23% 536 -12% 695 14% 637 4%
Defense Research Sciences 367 370 279 -25% 332 -10% 397 7% 392 6%
University and Industry Research Centers 122 127 101 -21% 111 -13% 112 -12% 122 -4%
University Research Initiatives 97 92 71 -23% 78 -15% 171 86% 108 17%
Cyber Collaborative Research Alliance 5.1 5.1 5.4 6% 5.4 6% 5.4 6% 5.4 6%
AI and ML - 15 10 -31% 10 -31% 10 -31% 10 -31%
Navy Basic Research 654 698 589 -16% 636 -9% 807 16% 689 -1%
Defense Research Sciences 490 523 499 -5% 504 -4% 607 16% 542 3%
University Research Initiatives 145 175 90 -48% 132 -24% 200 14% 147 -16%
In-House Laboratory Independent Research 19 0 - - - - - - - -
Account FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
Air Force Basic Research 537 541 547 1% 552 2% 752 39% 612 13%
Defense Research Sciences 325 353 375 6% 381 8% 475 35% 406 15%
University Research Initiatives 197 187 171 -9% 171 -9% 276 47% 206 10%
High Energy Laser Research Initiatives2 15 0 - - - - - - - -
Defense-Wide Basic Research 889 915 773 -15% 874 -4% 908 -1% 927 1%
Defense Research Sciences 476 446 402 -10% 415 -7% 410 -8% 404 -9%
Basic Research Initiatives 76 77 62 -19% 69 -11% 92 20% 94 22%
High Energy Laser Research Initiatives2 - 20 16 -20% 21 4% 16 -20% 21 4%
National Defense Education Program 137 145 132 -9% 137 -5% 172 19% 174 20%
HBCU and Minority Institutions 81 100 33 -67% 101 1% 83 -17% 101 1%

1. The enacted figures are drawn from the appropriations legislation, not the president's budget requests. There are sometimes substantial differences between the enacted figures reported in the budget request and those specified in the legislation.

2. Funding for High Energy Laser Research Initiatives transferred from the Air Force to the Office of the Secretary of Defense.

 

Reference Material

Document Year
RDT&E Budget Request FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Army RDT&E Request (Vol. 1) FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Navy RDT&E Request (Vol. 1) FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Air Force RDT&E Request (Vol. 1) FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Space Force RDT&E - - - - - FY21 FY22 FY23
DARPA FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Missile Defense Agency FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Office of the Defense Secretary FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
House Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Senate Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Final Bill FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Final Joint Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23

 

Committees Hearings Bills Markups Administration
Statements
House Appropriations May 11 H.R.8236 June 15
June 22
 
Senate Appropriations May 3 S.4663    
House Armed Services May 12 H.R.7900 June 22 July 12
Senate Armed Services April 6 S.4543 June 15 Oct. 18

 

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NOAA has major portfolios in weather research and forecasting, climate research and modeling, and oceans and marine biological research. It also has authority over U.S. fisheries management and provides resources to improve ocean and coastal navigation. The agency is part of the Department of Commerce.

Jump to:

 

FYI Bulletins

 

FY23 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Appropriations
($ millions, % change from FY22)
Account FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
NOAA 5,431 5,877 6,884 17% 6,786 15% 6,511 11% 6,201 6%
Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research 614 648 775 20% 833 29% 776 20% 761 17%
ORF 571 599 666 11% 699 17% 688 15% 661 10%
PAC 44 49 109 124% 134 175% 89 82% 100 106%
National Weather Service 1,204 1,282 1,323 3% 1,365 7% 1,364 6% 1,357 6%
ORF 1,101 1,174 1,219 4% 1,259 7% 1,252 7% 1,247 6%
PAC 104 107 104 -3% 106 -1% 112 5% 109 2%
National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service 1,518 1,617 2,283 41% 1,812 12% 1,754 8% 1,706 5%
ORF 292 322 409 27% 410 27% 384 19% 376 17%
PAC 1,227 1,295 1,874 45% 1,402 8% 1,370 6% 1,330 3%
National Marine Fisheries Service 1,030 1,081 1,171 8% 1,165 8% 1,175 9% 1,158 7%
ORF 965 1,016 1,106 9% 1,100 8% 1,110 9% 1,093 8%
Pacific Coastal Salmon Recovery Fund 65 65 65 0% 65 0% 65 0% 65 0%
National Ocean Service 628 649 695 7% 707 9% 716 10% 693 7%
ORF 620 638 687 8% 689 8% 701 10% 679 7%
PAC 8.5 12 8.5 -26% 18 52% 16 35% 14 22%
Office of Marine and Aviation Operations 374 437 418 -4% 653 50% 487 11% 461 5%
ORF 254 272 313 15% 314 15% 334 23% 329 21%
PAC 120 165 105 -36% 339 106% 153 -7% 132 -20%
Office of Education 33 34 41 23% 40 20% 38 13% 35 5%

Figures exclude funds from the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act and the Inflation Reduction Act.

ORF = Operations, Research, and Facilities; PAC= Procurement, Acquisition, and Construction

 

FY23 NOAA Appropriations, Detailed Table
($ millions, % change from FY22)
Account FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
NOAA 5,431 5,877 6,884 17% 6,786 15% 6,511 11% 6,201 6%
Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research 614 648 775 20% 833 29% 776 20% 761 17%
Climate Research 182 200 257 28% 254 27% 233 17% 224 12%
Weather and Air Chemistry Research 139 144 151 4% 163 13% 162 12% 166 15%
Ocean, Coastal, and Great Lakes Research 231 237 237 0% 260 10% 273 15% 252 6%
Research Supercomputing 44 49 69 41% 94 93% 69 41% 70 44%
High Performance Computing Initiatives 18 18 18 1% 20 11% 20 11% 18 1%
Research Acquisitions and Management - - 40 - 40 - 20 - 30 -
National Weather Service 1,204 1,282 1,323 3% 1,365 7% 1,364 6% 1,357 6%
Observations 248 258 264 2% 267 4% 270 5% 268 4%
Central Processing 166 171 176 3% 181 6% 177 3% 180 5%
Analyze, Forecast, and Support 537 562 584 4% 589 5% 589 5% 590 5%
Dissemination 88 116 130 12% 132 14% 133 15% 127 9%
S&T Integration 156 162 159 -1% 187 15% 177 10% 179 11%
Account FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service 1,518 1,617 2,283 41% 1,812 12% 1,754 8% 1,706 5%
GOES-R Class (PAC) 335 336 335 0% 301 -10% 301 -10% 301 -10%
Geostationary Extended Observations 10 150 664 343%     285 90% 285 90%
Polar Weather Satellites (PAC) 658 390 350 -10% 218 -44% 217 -44% 184 -53%
Space Weather Follow On 108 147 136 -7% 136 -7% 136 -7% 136 -7%
Space Weather Next - 55 145 164% 145 164% 152 176% 152 176%
National Centers for Environmental Information 64 66 91 38% 94 43% 76 15% 71 8%

Figures exclude funds from the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act and the Inflation Reduction Act.

* "Not less than"

 

FY23 NOAA Oceanic and Atmospheric Research, Detailed Table
($ millions, % change from FY22)
Account FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research 614 648 775 20% 833 29% 776 20% 761 17%
Climate Research 182 200 257 28% 254 27% 233 17% 224 12%
Labs and Cooperative Institutes 76 89 109 22% 104 17% 107 20% 104 17%
Regional Climate Data and Information 43 45 56 25% 48 7% 56 24% 48 7%
Climate Competitive Research 64 66 92 39% 102 55% 70 6% 72 9%
Weather and Air Chemistry Research 139 144 151 4% 163 13% 162 12% 166 15%
Labs and Cooperative Institutes 86 88 90 2% 92 4% 90 2% 93 6%
U.S. Weather Research Program 27 27 27 1% 36 35% 39 44% 39 46%
Tornado Severe Storm Research / Phased Array Radar 14 17 21 23% 21 23% 21 23% 21 23%
Joint Technology Transfer Initiative 13 13 13 2% 15 12% 13 2% 13 2%
Account FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
Ocean, Coastal, and Great Lakes Research 231 237 237 0% 260 10% 273 15% 252 6%
Labs and Cooperative Institutes 37 37 38 2% 42 13% 40 8% 40 6%
Sea Grant College Program 75 76 76 0% 82 8% 90 18% 80 5%
Ocean Exploration and Research 43 43 44 1% 48 9% 47 7% 46 6%
Sustained Ocean Observations and Monitoring 45 49 46 -6% 53 7% 56 14% 53 7%
Integrated Ocean Acidification 16 16 16 -1% 19 19% 18 13% 17 6%
Research Supercomputing 43 49 69 41% 94 93% 69 41% 70 44%
High Performance Computing Initiatives 18 18 18 1% 20 11% 20 11% 18 1%

Figures exclude funds from the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act and the Inflation Reduction Act.

 

Reference Material

Document Year
Budget Request FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
House Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Senate Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Final Bill FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Final Joint Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23

 

Committee Hearings Bills Markups Administration
Statements
House Appropriations May 12 H.R.8256 June 22
June 28
 
Senate Appropriations May 11 S.4664    
House Science Committee - - - -

 

National Institute of Standards and Technology

NIST conducts research that supports measurement and technology standards-setting and operates technology programs and user facilities that aim to enhance U.S. competitiveness in areas such as nanoscale science, cybersecurity, telecommunications, advanced manufacturing, and quantum information science. The agency is part of the Department of Commerce.

Jump to:

 

FYI Bulletins

 

FY23 National Institute of Standards and Technology Appropriations
($ millions, % change from FY22)
Account FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
NIST1 1,035 1,230 1,468 19% 1,474 20% 1,696 38% 1,654 34%
NIST - Supplement 1,035 1,230 1,468 19% 1,474 20% 1,696 38% 1,627 32%
NIST - Supplement - Earmarks 1,035 1,067 1,468 38% 1,315 23% 1,447 36% 1,232 16%
Scientific and Technical Research and Services1 788 850 975 15% 953 12% 975 15% 953 12%
Industrial Technology Services1 167 175 372 113% 230 32% 270 55% 239 37%
Construction of Research Facilities1 80 206 120 -41% 291 42% 451 120% 462 125%

1. Figures include earmarks and supplemental funds for base programs. Congress provided $27 million in supplemental funds for the Industrial Technology Services account in fiscal year 2023. Figures exclude funds from the CHIPS and Science Act and supplemental funds for disaster response and recovery.

* "Not less than"

 

FY23 National Institute of Standards and Technology Appropriations
($ millions, % change from FY22)
Account FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
NIST1 1,035 1,230 1,468 19% 1,474 20% 1,696 38% 1,654 34%
Scientific and Technical Research and Services1 788 850 975 15% 953 12% 975 15% 953 12%
Laboratory Programs 687 - 855 - - - - - - -
Standards Coordination and Special Programs 83 - 101 - - - - - - -
Corporate Services 17 - 18 - - - - - - -
Earmarks - 38 - - 18 -52% 47 26% 63 66%
Industrial Technology Services1 167 175 372 113% 230 32% 270 55% 239 37%
Hollings Manufacturing Extension Partnership 150 158 275 74% 212 34% 200 27% 188 19%
Manufacturing USA 16.5 16.5 97 488% 18 9% 70 324% 51 209%
Construction of Research Facilities1 80 206 120 -41% 291 42% 451 120% 462 125%
Safety, Capacity, Maintenance, and Major Repairs 74 80 120 50% *150 88% *125 56% 130 63%
Earmarks - 126 - - 141 12% 202 61% 332 165%

1. Figures include earmarks and supplemental funds for base programs. Congress provided $27 million in supplemental funds for the Industrial Technology Services account in fiscal year 2023. Figures exclude funds from the CHIPS and Science Act and supplemental funds for disaster response and recovery.

* "Not less than"

 

Reference Material

Document Year
Budget Request FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
House Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Senate Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Final Bill FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Final Joint Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23

 

Committees Hearings Bills Markups Administration
Statements
House Appropriations May 12 H.R.8256 June 22
June 28
 
Senate Appropriations May 11 S.4664    
House Science Committee - - - -

 

National Institutes of Health

In terms of funding for early-stage research, NIH is the largest federal science agency by a wide margin, supporting a sprawling portfolio of intramural and extramural biomedical science. Within these efforts, it also supports a significant portfolio of physical science in areas such as biomedical imaging and applications of radioisotopes. NIH is part of the Department of Health and Human Services alongside separate public health agencies such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority.

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FYI Bulletins

 

FY23 National Institutes of Health Appropriations, Selected Institutes
($ millions, % change from FY22)
Account FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
NIH (excluding ARPA-H)1, 2 42,934 44,959 43,957 -2% 47,459 6% 46,959 4% 47,459 6%
ARPA-H2 - 1,000 5,000 400% 2,750 175% 1,000 0% 1,500 50%
National Cancer Institute3 6,560 6,913 6,714 -3% 7,379 7% 7,203 4% 7,320 6%
National Institute of General Medical Sciences 2,991 3,092 3,098 0% 3,200 3% 3,218 4% 3,240 5%
National Eye Institute 836 864 853 -1% 891 3% 891 3% 897 4%
National Institute on Deafness and Other Communications Disorders 498 515 509 -1% 531 3% 531 3% 534 4%
National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering 411 425 419 -1% 438 3% 438 3% 441 4%
Buildings and Facilities4 200 250 300 20% 300 20% 350 40% 350 40%

1. The enacted figures represent discretionary budget authority provided by the Labor-HHS-Education appropriations bill. The enacted figures are taken from the final appropriations legislation, not the budget request document.

2. The budget request included funds for ARPA-H within the NIH budget, but the final bill places the funds outside the NIH budget.

3. Figures include the additional funding provided by the 21st Century Cures Act.

4. Figures exclude transfers from the Nonrecurring Expenses Fund at the Department of Health and Human Services. Congress transferred $225 million from the fund to the Buildings and Facilities account for FY20 and FY21.

 

Reference Material

Document Year
Budget Request FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
House Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Senate Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Final Bill FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Final Joint Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23

 

Committees Hearings Bills Markups Administration
Statements
House Appropriations May 11 H.R.8295 June 23
June 30
 
Senate Appropriations May 17 S.4659    

 

U.S. Geological Survey

Among the oldest federal science agencies, USGS is responsible for mapping, studying, and monitoring U.S. land conditions and natural resources, and for researching and providing advanced warning of natural hazards such as volcanoes, earthquakes, and landslides. It is housed within the Department of the Interior.

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FYI Bulletins

 

FY23 U.S. Geological Survey Appropriations
($ millions, % change from FY22)
Account FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
USGS 1,316 1,394 1,711 23% 1,644 18% 1,519 9% 1,497 7%
Natural Hazards 175 186 220 18% 213 15% 203 9% 200 8%
Energy and Mineral Resources 90 95 147 54% 133 40% 101 6% 104 9%
Ecosystems 259 278 376 35% 359 29% 315 13% 307 11%
Core Science Systems 253 264 349 32% 331 25% 278 6% 285 8%
Water Resources 263 286 303 6% 302 6% 313 10% 304 6%
Science Support 96 100 129 30% 118 18% 118 18% 106 7%
Facilities 179 185 188 2% 188 2% 188 2% 188 2%
Figures exclude disaster response and recovery funds as well as funds from the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act and the Inflation Reduction Act.

 

FY23 U.S. Geological Survey Appropriations, Detailed Table
($ millions, % change from FY22)
Account FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
Natural Hazards 175 186 220 18% 213 15% 203 9% 200 8%
Earthquake Hazards 85 90 100 11% 98 9% 96 7% 93 3%
Volcano Hazards 30 33 35 4% 34 2% 38 14% 38 13%
Landslide Hazards 8.0 9 11 28% 15 67% 12 34% 14 62%
Global Seismographic Network 7.2 7.2 7.3 1% 7.3 1% 7.3 1% 7.3 1%
Geomagnetism 4.1 4.7 5.8 23% 5.8 23% 5.0 7% 5.2 12%
Coastal/Marine Hazards and Resources 41 42 61 46% 54 28% 45 7% 43 3%
Energy and Mineral Resources 90 95 147 54% 133 40% 101 6% 104 9%
Mineral Resources 60 64 90 42% 84 31% 67 6% 71 11%
Energy Resources 30 31 57 80% 49 57% 34 8% 33 6%
Account FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
Ecosystems 259 278 376 35% 359 29% 315 13% 307 11%
Climate Adaptation Science Centers 41 52 86 65% 85 64% 67 29% 63 22%
Core Science Systems 253 264 349 32% 331 25% 278 6% 285 8%
National Land Imaging 107 107 125 16% 121 12% 118 10% 116 8%
National Geospatial Program 79 88 99 13% 104 19% 91 3% 94 7%
National Cooperative Geological Mapping 40 42 41 -3% 45 6% 43 1% 45 5%
Water Resources 263 286 303 6% 302 6% 313 10% 304 6%
Water Availability and Use Science Program 58 65 72 12% 70 9% 77 20% 74 15%
Groundwater and Streamflow Information Program 101 111 117 6% 114 3% 120 8% 115 4%
National Water Quality Program 93 97 98 2% 101 4% 99 2% 100 3%
Water Resources Research Act Program 11 14 15 7% 17 21% 18 29% 15 7%
Science Support 96 100 129 30% 118 18% 118 18% 106 7%
Facilities 179 185 188 2% 188 2% 188 2% 188 2%

Figures exclude disaster response and recovery funds as well as funds from the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act and the Inflation Reduction Act.

 

Reference Material

Document Year
Budget Request FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
House Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Senate Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Final Bill FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Final Joint Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23

 

Committees Hearings Bills Markups Administration
Statements
House Appropriations April 28 H.R.8262 June 21
June 29
July 18
Senate Appropriations July 13 S.4686    

 

STEM Education

The Department of Education has few programs specifically dedicated to STEM education and instead funds such activities through a variety of discretionary and formula-based grant programs. The National Science Foundation, NASA, and the Departments of Energy, Commerce, and Defense also support STEM education activities through dedicated offices and special programs.

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FYI Bulletins

 

FY23 Department of Education Appropriations
Selected programs supporting STEM education
($ millions, % change from FY22)
Account FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
Formula Grants (fund both STEM and non-STEM activities)
Supporting Effective Instruction State Grants (Title II, Part A) 2,143 2,170 2,149 -1% 2,270 5% 2,253 4% 2,190 1%
Student Support and Academic Enrichment Grants (Title IV, Part A) 1,220 1,280 1,220 -5% 1,355 6% 1,345 5% 1,380 8%
21st Century Community Learning Centers (Title IV, Part B) 1,260 1,290 1,310 2% 1,410 9% 1,375 7% 1,330 3%
Career and Technical Education 1,342 1,387 1,570 13% 1,482 7% 1,507 9% 1,462 5%
Selected STEM-specific Programs
Education Innovation and Research STEM Set-Aside 67 82 - - 87 6% - - 87 6%
Minority Science and Engineering Improvement 13 15 18 26% 18 26% 18 26% 16 13%
Strengthening HBCU Masters Program 11 15 21 41% 21 41% 21 41% 20 34%

 

 

FY23 NSF Appropriations, Selected STEM Education Programs
($ millions, % change from FY22)
Account FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
STEM Education1 1,111 (see note 1) 1,377 - 1,250 - 1,327 - 1,371 -
Graduate Research Fellowship1 284 **296 356 20% **320 8% **355 20% **325 10%
Robert Noyce Teacher Scholarships 68 *67 67 0% 68 1% 67 0% 68 1%
CyberCorps Scholarship for Service 60 *63 75 19% *74 17% - - *69 10%
Advanced Technological Education 76 *75 75 0% 78 4% 75 0% 76 1%
Advancing Informal STEM Learning 63 *65 75 15% - - *70 8% 70 8%
Louis Stokes Alliances for Minority Participation 50 *52 71 37% 57 11% 70 35% 56 8%
HBCU Undergraduate Program 37 *38 49 28% 46 20% 47 22% 43 13%
Tribal Colleges and Universities Program 17 *18 23 31% 19 9% 22 26% 20 14%
Hispanic Serving Institutions Program 47 *49 61 25% 60 24% 55 13% 54 10%
INCLUDES 21 *22 51 135% 31 42% 47 116% *24 12%

1. The FY22 budget request proposed to consolidate the Graduate Research Fellowship Program budget into the education directorate. However, the final appropriation for FY22 provided $148 million for the Graduate Research Fellowship Program through the education directorate and up to $148 million through NSF's research account that can be transferred to the education directorate. The FY23 budget request repeats the proposal to consolidate the GRFP budget into the education directorate. Congress accepted the consolidation in fiscal year 2023.

* "Not less than"

** "Up to"

 

FY23 NASA Appropriations, Selected STEM Education Programs
($ millions, % change from FY22)
NASA
(selected programs)
Account FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
Office of STEM Engagement 127 137 150 10% 150 10% 150 10% 144 5%
Space Grant 51 55 57 5% 62 14% 57 5% 58 6%
Minority University Research Education Program 38 43 48 12% 48 12% 48 12% 46 6%
EPSCoR 26 26 26 0% 26 0% 26 0% 26 0%
STEM Education and Accountability Projects 12 14 19 41% 14 4% 19 41% 14 4%
Science Mission Directorate Education and Public Outreach 46 *51 56 10% - - 56 10% *52 3%

* "Not less than"

 

FY23 Department of Energy Appropriations, Selected STEM Education Programs
($ millions, % change from FY22)
Account FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
Workforce Development for Teachers and Scientists 29 35 41 18% 42 20% 41 18% 42 20%
Science Undergraduate Lab Internships 13.8 14.0 15.0 7% - - 15 7% - -
Graduate Student Research Program 4.6 5.0 5.0 0% - - 5.0 0% - -
Community College Internships 1.9 2.0 2.2 10% - - 2.2 10% - -
Visiting Faculty Program 1.8 2.1 2.1 0% - - 2.1 0% - -
National Science Bowl 2.9 2.9 3.0 3% - - 3.0 3% - -
Einstein Fellowship 1.2 1.2 1.2 0% - - 1.2 0% - -
Outreach 1.5 1.5 1.5 0% - - 1.5 0% - -
Reaching a New Energy Science Workforce (RENEW) - 5 10 100% - - 10 100% - -

 

FY23 NOAA Appropriations, Selected STEM Education Programs
($ millions, % change from FY22)
Account FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
Office of Education 33 34 41 23% 40 20% 38 13% 35 5%
Minority Serving Institution Partnership Program 20 20 - - 23 13% 22 10% 21 4%
Bay-Watershed Education and Training 7.8 8 - - 9.3 12% 8.5 3% 9 5%
National Sea Grant College Program 75 76 76 0% 82 8% 90 18% 80 5%

 

FY23 DOD Appropriations, Selected STEM Education Programs
($ millions, % change from FY22)
Account FY21 FY22 FY23 Request FY23 House FY23 Senate FY23 Final
National Defense Education Program 137 145 132 -9% 137 -5% 172 19% 174 20%
HBCU and Minority Institutions Program 81 100 33 -67% 101 1% 83 -17% 101 1%

 

 

Reference Material for the Department of Education

Document Year
Budget Request FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
House Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Senate Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Final Bill FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23
Final Joint Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23

 

Reference Material for Science Agencies

See agency tabs for links to budget documents.