Federal Science Budget Tracker

 

The Federal Science Budget Tracker provides up-to-date information on the status of budgets and appropriations relevant to the physical sciences.

About

These tabs open to tables detailing federal spending proposals and outcomes for the agencies and programs that sponsor the physical sciences. The final tab contains an index of FYI bulletins that report on the progress of the fiscal year 2017 budget cycle – from the president’s request to congressional consideration to final appropriations law. The tables are updated on a timely basis as new spending proposals and other information become available.

If you have any questions or comments about this page, please email fyi [at] aip.org.

Current Status

Less than an hour before a looming midnight deadline on Dec. 9, the Senate broke through a political impasse related to coal miners’ benefits and voted 63 to 36 to clear a continuing resolution (CR) that funds the government through April 28. The House had already passed the resolution on a 326 to 96 vote the day before, and President Obama signed it early the next morning.

The measure ensures the federal government will have the funds to operate for another four and half months, and it averts a government shutdown that had been imminent. It specifically sets federal discretionary spending, a category which includes nearly all federal defense and non-defense R&D programs, at an annual rate of $1.07 trillion. This is the maximum rate allowed under current budget law and nearly the same as the fiscal year 2016 spending rate.

With lawmakers in both the House and Senate now in their districts for the holidays, the passage of the CR concludes what is expected to be the 114th Congress’ final session. The 115th Congress will convene for the first time on Jan. 3, tasked now with completing two years’ worth of appropriations by the end of the fiscal year.

For more information, see FYI #153: "Science Funding in Limbo as Congress Extends CR Through April 28"

Budget Request

Highlights

  • The president's annual budget request is a reference point for Congress and reflects the administration’s priorities across the federal government.
  • The FY17 request is a mixed bag for science, with proposed increases for some science agencies reliant on new mandatory spending.
  • Historically, Congress has primarily funded R&D via the discretionary portion of the budget as opposed to the mandatory portion, which is mostly devoted to entitlement programs such as Social Security and Medicare.
  • Congress has since made it clear that it has no appetite for new mandatory spending.

You can find the FYI bulletin providing an overview of the president’s budget request for FY17 here.

The table below details the funding requests for key science agencies and offices with and without the proposed mandatory spending. Given that Congress has rejected all of these mandatory spending proposals, the tables in the other tabs include only the president's discretionary funding requests.

President's FY17 Request With & Without New Mandatory Spending

Funding Line FY15 Actual FY16 Enacted FY17 Request w/o Mandatory Change 16-17 FY17 Request w/ Mandatory Change 16-17
DOE Office of Science 5,133 5,350 5,572 4.1% 5,672 6.0%
NSF 7,398 7,464 7,564 1.3% 7,964 6.7%
NASA Science 5,243 5,589 5,303 -5.1% 5,601 0.2%
DOD S&T 12,024 13,037 12,501 -4.1% 12,501 -4.1%
NOAA 5,449 5,766 5,848 1.4% 5,948 3.2%
NIST 864 964 1,015 5.2% 3,005 211.7%
NIH 30,311 32,311 31,311 -3.1% 33,136 2.6%
USGS 1,045 1,062 1,169 10.1% 1,169 10.1%

* All figures are in millions of nominal U.S. dollars and are rounded to the nearest million. The percentages are calculated based on the unrounded figures.

Links to Important Documents & Resources

Budget Documents

Document Year
Overall Budget Request FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17
Analytical Perspectives on R&D FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17
OSTP-OMB R&D Priorities Memo FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17
DOE Office of Science FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17
NNSA FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17
DOE Office of Nuclear Energy FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17
NASA FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17
NSF FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17
DOD S&T FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17
NOAA FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17
NIST FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17
NIH FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17
USGS FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17

DOE

Highlights: Department of Energy

  • DOE and its science programs stand out as winners in the budget request, as the department would play a central role in the president's proposal to double clean energy R&D over five years as part of the Mission Innovation initiative.
  • However, key appropriators have largely dismissed this proposal, instead choosing to cut or flat fund renewable energy, reverse cuts to fossil energy, and increase spending on nuclear energy, the Office of Science, and ARPA-E.

FY17 DOE Appropriations Summary Table

Funding Line FY15 Current FY16 Enacted FY17 Request* Change 16-17 House Change 16-17 Senate Change 16-17 Final Change 16-17
DOE 27,391 29,717 30,240 1.8% 29,963 0.8% 30,741 3.4%    
NNSA 11,397 12,527 12,876 2.8% 12,854 2.6% 12,867 2.7%    
Office of Science 5,133 5,350 5,572 4.1% 5,400 0.9% 5,400 0.9%    
Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy 1,841 2,073 2,898 39.8% 1,825 -12.0% 2,073 0.0%    
Nuclear Energy1 822 986 994 0.8% 1,012 2.6% 989 0.3%    
Fossil Energy2 784 869 639 -26.5% 924 6.3% 854 -1.8%    
ARPA-E 280 291 350 20.3% 306 5.1% 325 11.7%    

* Excludes $1.585 billion in proposed mandatory spending, of which $1.335 billion is for the 21st Century Clean Transportation Plan, $150 million is for ARPA-E, and $100 million is for the Office of Science.

** All figures are in millions of nominal U.S. dollars and are rounded to the nearest million. The percentages are calculated based on the unrounded figures.

1. The Senate figure does not include $68.6 million in funding for the Advanced Test Reactor which the Senate bill would transfer to this account from NNSA's Naval Reactors account.

2. Includes funding for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, Naval Petroleum & Oil Shale Reserves, and Northeast Home Heating Oil.

Links to Important Documents & Hearings

Document Year
Office of Science Budget Request FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17
NNSA Budget Request FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17
Nuclear Energy Budget Request FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17
NNSA Stockpile Stewardship & Management Plan - FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17
NNSA Nonproliferation Strategic Plan - - - FY16 FY17

 

Committee Hearing Markups Floor Vote Bill Committee Report Administration Statement
Senate Appropriations March 9 April 13 April 14 May 12 S.2804 H.R.2028* 114-236 April 20
House Appropriations March 1 (DOE) March 1 (NNSA) March 2 (Science) April 13 April 19 May 26 H.R.5055 114-532 May 23
Senate Armed Services Feb. 23 (NNSA) May 10 May 13 June 14 S.2943 (Title XXXI) 114-255 June 7
House Armed Services Feb. 11 (NNSA) April 21 April 27 May 18 H.R.4909 (Title XXXI) 114-537 May 16
House Science, Space, & Technology March 22 - - - - -
Senate Energy & Natural Resources March 3 - - - - -
House Energy & Commerce March 2 - - - - -

* The Senate amended the House-passed version of the Energy and Water Development Appropriations bill from last year (H.R.2028) with its own bill from this year (S.2804).

DOE Science

Highlights: Department of Energy Office of Science & ARPA-E

  • The Office of Science sits at the crux of some of the administration’s science and technology priorities, such as clean energy R&D and high-performance computing.
  • With the exception of Fusion Energy Sciences, the requests for the Office of Science’s program offices are all above inflation.
  • The Senate bill would (for the third year in a row) zero out funding for the ITER fusion project whereas the House bill would provide the requested $125 million.
  • Both the Senate and House bills would provide funds above the requested amounts for the Advanced Photon Source Upgrade and the Long-Baseline Neutrino Facility.
  • Overall, the Senate bill would provide robust increases to all program offices other than Fusion Energy Sciences whereas the House bill favors fusion and high energy physics research.
  • A successful floor amendment by Sen. Brian Schatz (D-HI) raised the Senate figure for ARPA-E from $293 million to $325 million.

FY17 DOE Office of Science & ARPA-E Appropriations Summary Table

Funding Line FY15 Current FY16 Enacted FY17 Request* Change 16-17 House Change 16-17 Senate Change 16-17 Final Change 16-17
OFFICE OF SCIENCE 5,133 5,350 5,572 4.1% 5,400 0.9% 5,400 0.9%    
Advanced Scientific Computing Research 523 621 663 6.8% 621 0.0% 656 5.7%    
Exascale Computing Project 0 0 154 - 151 - 154 -    
Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility 109 104 107 2.6% 110 5.4% 110 5.4%    
Argonne Leadership Computing Facility 89 77 80 3.9% 80 3.9% 80 3.9%    
National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center 76 86 92 7.1% 92 7.1% 92 7.1%    
Basic Energy Sciences 1683 1,849 1,937 4.7% 1,860 0.6% 1,913 3.4%    
Synchrotron Radiation Sources 450 482 489 1.5% 489 1.5% 489 1.5%    
High Flux Neutron Sources 245 265 261 -1.3% 261 -1.3% 265 0.1%    
Linac Coherent Light Source-II 139 200 190 -5.1% 190 -5.1% 190 -5.1%    
Energy Frontier Research Centers 100 110 143 29.6% 98 -11.1% - -    
Joint Center for Energy Storage Research 24 24 24 -0.2% 24 -0.2% 24 -0.2%    
Advanced Photon Source Upgrade 20 20 20 0.0% 35 75.0% 50 150.0%    
Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis 15 15 15 0.0% 15 0.0% 15 0.0%    
EPSCoR 10 15 8.5 -42.3% 10 -32.3% 20 35.4%    
Biological & Environmental Research 573 609 662 8.7% 595 -2.3% 637 4.6%    
Bioenergy Research Centers 75 75 90 19.4% 80 6.7% >=75 >=0.0%    
Fusion Energy Sciences 457 438 398 -9.1% 450 2.7% 280 -36.0%    
ITER 150 115 125 8.7% 125 8.7% 0 -100%    
DIII-D 83 80 81 1.4% >=82 >=2.6% - -    
National Spherical Torus Experiment 68 71 71 -0.7% >=74 >=4.4% - -    
High Energy Physics 745 795 818 2.9% 823 3.5% 833 4.8%    
Long-Baseline Neutrino Facility 12 26 45 73.1% 50 92.3% 55 111.5%    
Muon to Electron Conversion Experiment 25 40 44 8.5% 44 8.5% 44 8.5%    
Large Synoptic Survey Telescope Camera 35 41 45 10.3% 45 10.3% 45 10.3%    
Nuclear Physics 581 617 636 3.0% 620 0.5% 636 3.0%    
Facility for Rare Isotope Beams 90 100 100 0.0% 100 0.0% 100 0.0%    
Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider 173 179 187 4.2% - - 187 4.2%    
ARPA-E 280 291 350 20.3% 306 5.1% 325 11.7%    

* Excludes $100 million in proposed mandatory spending for the Office of Science and $250 million in proposed mandatory spending for ARPA-E.

** All figures are in millions of nominal U.S. dollars and are rounded to the nearest million. The percentages are calculated based on the unrounded figures.

Links to Important Documents & Hearings

Document Year
President's Budget Request FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17

 

Committee Hearing Markups Floor Vote Bill Committee Report Administration Statement
Senate Appropriations March 9 April 13 April 14 May 12 S.2804 H.R.2028* 114-236 April 20
House Appropriations March 1 (DOE) March 2 (Science) April 13 April 19 May 26 H.R.5055 114-532 May 23
House Science, Space, & Technology March 22 - - - - -
Senate Energy & Natural Resources March 3 - - - - -
House Energy & Commerce March 2 - - - - -

* The Senate amended the House-passed version of the Energy and Water Development Appropriations bill from last year (H.R.2028) with its own bill from this year (S.2804).

NNSA

Highlights: National Nuclear Security Administration

  • The president's request supports a continued ramp up in spending on nuclear weapons modernization, providing funds for multiple warhead life extension programs.

FY17 NNSA Appropriations Summary Table

Funding Line FY15 Current FY16 Enacted FY17 Request Change 16-17 House Change 16-17 Senate Change 16-17 Final Change 16-17
NNSA 11,397 12,527 12,876 2.8% 12,854 2.6% 12,867 2.7%    
Weapons Activities 8,181 8,847 9,285 5.0% 9,285 5.0% 9,285 5.0%    
Directed Stockpile Work 2,710 3,388 3,331 -1.7% 3,295 -2.8% 3,321 -2.0%    
Science 412 423 442 4.5% 435 2.7% 440 3.9%    
Engineering 136 131 140 6.2% 140 6.2% 126 -3.8%    
Inertial Confinement Fusion Ignition & High Yield  513 511 523 2.3% 523 2.3% 523 2.3%    
Advanced Simulation & Computing 598 623 663 6.4% 634 1.8% 663 6.4%    
Advanced Manufacturing 107 130 87 -33.0% 87 -33.0% 87 -33.0%    
Uranium Processing Facility 335 430 575 33.7% 530 23.3% 575 33.7%    
Chemistry & Metallurgy Replacement 36 156 160 2.6% 151 -3.2% 160 2.6%    
U1a Complex Enhancements Project 0 0 12 - 0 - 12 -    
Maintenance & Repair of Facilities 227 227 294 29.5% 400 76.2% 294 29.5%    
Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation 1,613 1,940 1,822 -6.1% 1,822 -6.1% 1,822 -6.1%    
Research & Development 386 419 394 -6.1% 492 17.2% 407 -3.0%    
Mixed Oxide Fuel Fabrication Facility 345 340 270 -20.6% 340 0.0% 270 -20.6%    
HEU Reactor Conversion1 119 115 128 11.6% 44 -62.0% 108 -5.8%    
Naval Reactors2 1,234 1,376 1,420 3.2% 1,420 3.2% 1,352 -1.7%    

* All figures are in millions of nominal U.S. dollars and are rounded to the nearest million. The percentages are calculated based on the unrounded figures.

1. As explained in the committee report, the House bill would transfer elements of the Highly Enriched Uranium Reactor Conversion to the Nonproliferation R&D account.

2. As explained in the committee report, the Senate bill would transfer $68 million in funding for the Advanced Test Reactor to the Nuclear Energy account.

Links to Important Documents & Hearings

Document Year
President's Budget Request FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17
Stockpile Stewardship & Management Plan - FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17
Nonproliferation Strategic Plan - - - FY16 FY17

 

Committee Hearing Markups Floor Vote Bill Committee Report Administration Statement
Senate Appropriations March 9 April 13 April 14 May 12 S.2804 H.R.2028* 114-236 April 20
House Appropriations March 1 (DOE) March 1 (NNSA) April 13 April 19 May 26 H.R.5055 114-532 May 23
Senate Armed Services Feb. 23 (NNSA) May 10 May 13 June 14 S.2943 (Title XXXI) 114-255 June 7
House Armed Services Feb. 11 (NNSA) April 21 April 27 May 18 H.R.4909 (Title XXXI) 114-537 May 16
House Science, Space, & Technology March 22 - - - - -
Senate Energy & Natural Resources March 3 - - - - -
House Energy & Commerce March 2 - - - - -

* The Senate amended the House-passed version of the Energy and Water Development Appropriations bill from last year (H.R.2028) with its own bill from this year (S.2804).

DOE Nuclear Energy

FY17 Nuclear Energy Appropriations Summary Table

Funding Line FY15 Current FY16 Enacted FY17 Request Change 16-17 House Change 16-17 Senate Change 16-17 Final Change 16-17
NUCLEAR ENERGY 822 986 994 0.8% 1,012 2.6% 989* 0.3%*    
Fuel Cycle R&D 191 204 250 22.6% 177 -13.0% 220 7.8%    
Used Nuclear Fuel Disposition R&D 48 63 74 18.9% 61 -2.2% - -    
Integrated Waste Management System (Non-Defense) 23 23 61 171.3% 0 -100% 61 171.3%    
Integrated Waste Management System (Defense) 0 0 15 - 0 - 0 -    
Advanced Fuels 58 62 59 -5.0% 62 0.0% 69 11.7%    
Reactor Concepts RD&D 129 142 109 -23.3% 140 -1.2% 130 -8.4%    
Light Water Reactor Sustainability 34 40 35 -11.9% 40 0.0% 35 -11.9%    
Advanced Reactor Technologies 95 102 74 -27.7% 100 -1.7% - -    
Nuclear Energy Enabling Technologies 98 112 90 -19.8% 121 8.8% 84 -24.8%    
Nuclear Science User Facilities 35 41 23 -43.3% 31 -24.3% - -    
Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling & Simulation 25 27 24 -12.7% 28 3.7% - -    
Energy Innovation Hub for Modeling & Simulation 23 24 24 0.0% 24 0.0% 24 0.0%    
Small Modular Reactor Licensing 55 63 90 43.4% 97 54.6% 95 52.0%    
Idaho National Lab Operations & Infrastructure 201 221 221 0.0% 241 9.2% 221 0.0%    
YUCCA MOUNTAIN LICENSING 0 0 0 - 170 - 0 -    

* Does not include $68.6 million for the Advanced Test Reactor which the Senate bill would transfer to this account from NNSA's Naval Reactors account.

** All figures are in millions of nominal U.S. dollars and are rounded to the nearest million. The percentages are calculated based on the unrounded figures.

Links to Important Documents & Hearings

Document Year
President's Budget Request FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17

 

Committee Hearing Markups Floor Vote Bill Committee Report Administration Statement
Senate Appropriations March 9 April 13
April 14
May 12 S.2804 H.R.2028* 114-236 April 20
House Appropriations March 1 April 13 April 19   H.R.5055 114-532 May 23
House Science, Space, & Technology March 22 - - - -  
Senate Energy & Natural Resources March 3 - - - -  
House Energy & Commerce March 2 - - - -  

* The Senate is amending the House-passed version of the Energy and Water Development Appropriations bill from last year (H.R.2028) with its own bill from this year (S.2804).

NASA

Highlights: National Aeronautics and Space Administration

  • Following an unexpectedly large 7.1 percent spending increase in FY16, the president's budget would decrease NASA’s discretionary spending by 5.3 percent in FY17. The largest reductions fall on the agency’s human exploration and, to a lesser extent, science programs.
  • The House and Senate bills would both restore the proposed discretionary cuts, with the House also providing a 1.2 percent boost on top of that. While the House would reject the proposed cut to the Science Mission Directorate, the Senate would only do so partially.
  • A major point of contention between the House and Senate is the balance between Earth Science and Planetary Science within the Science Mission Directorate.

FY17 NASA Appropriations Summary Table

Funding Line FY15 Actual FY16 Enacted FY17 Request* Change 16-17 House Change 16-17 Senate Change 16-17 Final Change 16-17
NASA 18,010 19,285 18,262 -5.3% 19,508 1.2% 19,306 0.1%    
Science 5,243 5,589 5,303 -5.1% 5,597 0.1% 5,395 -3.5%    
Earth Science 1,784 1,921 1,972 2.7% 1,690 -12.0% 1,984 3.3%    
Planetary Science 1,447 1,631 1,391 -14.7% 1,846 13.2% 1,356 -16.9%    
Astrophysics 731 731 697 -4.7% 793 8.5% 807 10.5%    
James Webb Space Telescope 645 620 569 -8.2% 569 -8.2% 569 -8.2%    
Heliophysics 636 650 674 3.7% 699 7.5% 679 4.4%    
Aeronautics 642 640 635 -0.9% 712 11.3% 601 -6.1%    
Space Technology 600 687 691 0.6% 739 7.7% 687 0.0%    
Exploration 3,543 4,030 3,164 -21.5% 4,183 3.8% 4,330 7.4%    
Orion 1,190 1,270 1,053 -17.1% 1,350 6.3% 1,300 2.4%    
Space Launch System 1,679 2,000 1,230 -38.5% 2,000 0.0% 2,150 7.5%    
Space Operations 4,626 5,029 5,076 0.9% 4,890 -2.8% 4,951 -1.6%    
International Space Station 1,525 - 1,431 - - - - -    
Education 119 115 100 -13.0% 115 0.0% 108 -6.1%    

* Excludes $763 million in proposed mandatory spending, of which $298 million is for Science, $173 million is for Exploration, $160 million is for Aeronautics, and $136 million is for Space Technology.

** All figures are in millions of nominal U.S. dollars and are rounded to the nearest million. The percentages are calculated based on the unrounded figures.

Links to Important Documents & Hearings

Document Year
President's Budget Request FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17

 

Committee Hearing Markups Floor Vote Bill Committee Report Administration Statement
Senate Appropriations March 10 April 19 April 21   S.2837 H.R.2578* 114-239 June 14
House Appropriations March 15 May 18 May 24   H.R.5393 114-605  
House Science, Space, & Technology March 17 - - - - -

*The Senate is amending the House-passed version of the Commerce, Justice, and Science Appropriations bill from last year (H.R.2578) with its own bill from this year (S.2837).

NSF

Highlights: National Science Foundation

  • NSF would see a slight increase in discretionary funding under the president's budget request, with the Engineering directorate slightly favored over the other research directorates.
  • The House bill would increase NSF research funding by just under 1 percent while the Senate bill would hold it steady. Both bills leave the breakdown between research directorates up to the foundation to decide.
  • The Senate bill would increase facility construction funding to support acquisition of an additional regional class research vessel while the House bill would deeply cut it. Both bills fund two astronomy facilities under construction: the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope and the Daniel K. Inouye Solar Telescope.

FY17 NSF Appropriations Summary Table

Funding Line FY15 Actual FY16 Enacted FY17 Request* Change 16-17 House Change 16-17 Senate Change 16-17 Final Change 16-17
NSF 7,398 7,464 7,564 1.3% 7,406 -0.8% 7,510 0.6%    
Research & Related Activities 6,042 6,034 6,079 0.8% 6,079 0.8% 6,034 0.0%    
Biological Sciences 736 744 746 0.2% - - - -    
Computer & Information Science & Engineering 933 936 938 0.3% - - - -    
Engineering 924 916 946 3.3% - - - -    
Geosciences 1,319 1,319 1,320 0.1% - - - -    
Mathematical & Physical Sciences 1,376 1,349 1,355 0.4% - - - -    
Social, Behavioral & Economic Sciences 276 272 272 0.1% - - - -    
Education & Human Resources 886 880 899 2.1% 880 0.0% 880 0.0%    
Major Research Equipment & Facilities Construction 145 200 193 -3.6% 87 -56.5% 247 23.1%    
Regional Class Research Vessels - - 106 - - - 160 -    
Large Synoptic Survey Telescope 80 100 67 -32.7% 67 -32.7% 67 -32.7%    
Daniel K. Inouye Solar Telescope 25 20 20 0.0% - - 20 0.0%    

* Excludes $400 million in proposed mandatory spending, of which $346 million is for Research & Related Activities and $54 million is for Education & Human Resources.

** All figures are in millions of nominal U.S. dollars and are rounded to the nearest million. The percentages are calculated based on the unrounded figures.

Links to Important Documents & Hearings

Document Year
President's Budget Request FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17

 

Committee Hearing Markups Floor Vote Bill Committee Report Administration Statement
Senate Appropriations - April 19 April 21   S.2837 H.R.2578* 114-239 June 14
House Appropriations March 16 May 18 May 24   H.R.5393 114-605  
House Science, Space, & Technology March 22 - - - - -

*The Senate is amending the House-passed version of the Commerce, Justice, and Science Appropriations bill from last year (H.R.2578) with its own bill from this year (S.2837).

DOD

Highlights: Department of Defense

  • Although research, development, test, and evaluation (RDT&E) activities would see a 2.4 percent increase under the president's request, spending on earlier stage research would decline by 3.8 percent.
  • The House and Senate bills would soften or reverse most of the proposed cuts to the basic research, applied research, and advanced technology development accounts.
  • However, basic research would experience cuts under all three proposals, with the Navy's basic research being the most impacted.

FY17 DOD RDT&E Appropriations Summary Table

Funding Line FY15 Enacted FY16 Enacted FY17 Request Change 16-17 House Change 16-17 Senate Change 16-17 Final Change 16-17
RDT&E 63,684 69,737 71,392 2.4% 70,293 0.8% 70,801 1.5%    
Science & Technology 12,184 12,996 12,501 -3.8% 13,030 0.3% 13,364 2.8%    
Basic Research (6.1) 2,278 2,309 2,102 -9.0% 2,124 -8.0% 2,265 -1.9%    
Applied Research (6.2) 4,603 4,996 4,815 -3.6% 4,962 -0.7% 5,115 2.4%    
Advanced Technology Development (6.3) 5,304 5,691 5,584 -1.9% 5,943 4.4% 5,984 5.2%    
Other Accounts (6.4 - 6.7) 51,500 56,741 58,891 3.8% 57,263 0.9% 57,437 1.2%    

* All figures are in millions of nominal U.S. dollars and the percentages are calculated based on the unrounded figures. Overseas Contingency Operations spending is excluded.

FY17 DOD Science & Technology Appropriations Summary Table

Funding Line FY15 Actual FY16 Enacted FY17 Request Change 16-17 House Change 16-17 Senate Change 16-17 Final Change 16-17
Army (6.1 - 6.3) 2,501 2,689 2,267 -15.7% 2,576 -4.2% 2,758 2.6%    
Basic Research 448 469 429 -8.6% 434 -7.5% 482 2.7%    
Applied Research 964 1,093 908 -17.0% 1,012 -7.4% 1,109 1.5%    
Advanced Technology Development 1,089 1,127 930 -17.5% 1,130 0.2% 1,167 3.5%    
Navy (6.1 - 6.3) 2,116 2,334 2,141 -8.3% 2,190 -6.2% 2,291 -1.8%    
Basic Research 634 672 543 -19.2% 543 -19.2% 563 -16.2%    
Applied Research 856 966 861 -10.8% 899 -6.9% 941 -2.6%    
Advanced Technology Development 626 696 737 5.9% 748 7.4% 787 13.0%    
Air Force (6.1 - 6.3) 2,235 2,481 2,486 0.2% 2,538 2.3% 2,628 6.0%    
Basic Research 539 530 500 -5.7% 505 -4.8% 540 1.8%    
Applied Research 1,090 1,240 1,260 1.6% 1,292 4.2% 1,304 5.1%    
Advanced Technology Development 606 710 726 2.2% 741 4.3% 785 10.5%    
Defense-Wide (6.1 - 6.3) 5,192 5,493 5,607 1.3% 5,726 4.3% 5,686 3.5%    
Basic Research 616 638 630 -1.3% 642 0.6% 680 6.6%    
Applied Research 1,651 1,697 1,787 5.3% 1,760 3.7% 1,761 3.7%    
Advanced Technology Development 2,925 3,157 3,191 -0.2% 3,324 5.3% 3,246 2.8%    
DARPA 2,916 2,868 2,973 3.7% 2,923 1.9% 2,909 1.4%    
Basic Research 381 390 420 7.8% - - - -    
Applied Research 1,137 1,163 1,246 7.1% - - - -    
Advanced Technology Development 1,241 1,244 1,233 -0.9% - - - -    

* All figures are in millions of nominal U.S. dollars and the percentages are calculated based on the unrounded figures. Overseas Contingency Operations spending is excluded.

Links to Important Documents & Hearings

Document Year
President's Budget Request FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17

 

Committee Hearing Markups Floor Vote Bill Committee Report Administration Statement
Senate Appropriations April 20 May 24 May 26   S.3000 114-263  
House Appropriations   May 11 May 17 June 16 H.R.5293 114-577 June 14
Senate Armed Services April 12 May 10 May 13 June 14 S.2943 114-255 June 7
House Armed Services Feb. 24 April 21 April 27 May 18 H.R.4909 114-537 May 16

NOAA

Highlights: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

  • Funding for research at NOAA would see a 7.8 percent leap forward under the president’s request, most of which is aimed at restoring deep cuts to climate research that began in FY11. By comparison, the administration proposes to hold National Weather Service spending about steady.
  • House appropriators, however, are seeking to reject the administration’s research priorities, cutting research overall and imposing additional severe cuts to climate research while boosting weather and air chemistry research. Senate appropriators, on the other hand, are seeking a middle ground and would keep NOAA research, including climate research, about flat.
  • The appropriations committees would fund the National Weather Service at slightly higher levels than the request and once again propose fully funding the administration’s request for NOAA’s flagship weather satellite programs - GOES-R, JPSS, and the next-generation Polar Follow On.

FY17 NOAA Appropriations Summary Table

Funding Line FY15 Actual FY16 Enacted FY17 Request Change 16-17 House Change 16-17 Senate Change 16-17 Final Change 16-17
NOAA 5,449 5,766 5,848 1.4% 5,581 -3.2% 5,691 -1.3%    
Office of Atmospheric & Oceanic Research 446 482 520 7.8% 462 -4.1% 480 -0.4%    
Climate Research 158 158 190 20.2% 128 -19.0% 158 0.0%    
Weather & Air Chemistry Research 91 103 102 -1.2% 118 14.5% 98 -4.6%    
Ocean, Coastal & Great Lakes Research 172 189 179 -4.8% 177 -6.0% 181 -3.9%    
Research Supercomputing 13 20 26 31.4% 26 31.4% 28 41.3%    
National Weather Service 1,087 1,124 1,119 -0.4% 1,132 0.7% 1,135 1.0%    
Observations 210 233 256 9.7% 256 9.7% 250 7.3%    
Central Processing 161 157 155 -1.3% 165 5.1% 161 2.2%    
Analyze, Forecast, & Support 483 496 486 -2.0% 486 -2.0% 498 0.4%    
Dissemination 98 90 82 -9.5% 84 -6.9% 81 -10.0%    
Science & Technology Integration 124 139 132 -4.9% 132 -4.9% 137 -1.6%    
National Environmental Satellite, Data, & Information Service 2,223 2,349 2,304 -1.9% 2,267 -3.5% 2,230 -5.1%    
GOES-R Class 981 872 753 -13.7% 753 -13.7% 753 -13.7%    
Joint Polar Satellite System 916 809 787 -2.7% 787 -2.7% 787 -2.7%    
Polar Follow On - 370 383 3.5% 370 0.0% 383 3.5%    
COSMIC-2 6.8 10 16 60.4% 16 60.4% 8.1 -19.8%    
Space Weather Follow On   1.2 2.5 108.3% 2.5 108.3% 7.5 200.0%    
Commercial Weather Data Pilot - 3 5 66.7% 6 100.0% 3 0.0%    

* Figures include funding from both the Operations, Research, and Facilities (ORF) account and the Procurement, Acquisition, and Construction (PAC) account.

** All figures are in millions of nominal U.S. dollars and all figures above $10 million are rounded to the nearest million. The percentages are calculated based on the unrounded figures.

Links to Important Documents & Hearings

Document Year
President's Budget Request FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17

 

Committee Hearing Markups Floor Vote Bill Committee Report Administration Statement
Senate Appropriations March 3 April 19 April 21   S.2837 H.R.2578* 114-239 June 14
House Appropriations Feb. 23 May 18 May 24   H.R.5393 114-605  
House Science, Space, & Technology March 16 - - - - -

*The Senate is amending the House-passed version of the Commerce, Justice, and Science Appropriations bill from last year (H.R.2578) with its own bill from this year (S.2837).

NIST

Highlights: National Institute of Standards and Technology

  • The president's request would provide robust support to NIST's research and industry engagement initiatives, including the continued expansion of the National Network for Manufacturing Innovation and ongoing renovations of the radiation physics laboratories at the Gaithersburg campus.
  • The House is proposing a major cut to NIST but would spare laboratory programs from those cuts. Most of the cuts fall on the president's priorities: the National Network for Manufacturing Innovation and construction of research facilities.
  • The Senate would spare NIST from any cuts, slightly increasing funding for research and fully funding the request for ongoing renovation of the radiation physics laboratories.

FY17 NIST Appropriations Summary Table

Funding Line FY15 Actual FY16 Enacted FY17 Request* Change 16-17 House Change 16-17 Senate Change 16-17 Final Change 16-17
NIST 864 964 1,015 5.2% 865 -10.3% 974 1.0%    
Scientific & Technical Research & Services 676 690 731 5.9% 680 -1.4% 700 1.4%    
Laboratory Programs 591 605 639 5.5% 608 0.5% - -    
Standards Coordination 67 68 71 4.4% 55 -18.5% - -    
Corporate Services 17 17 21 23.1% - - - -    
Industrial Technology Services 138 155 189 21.9% 135 -12.9% 155 0.0%    
Hollings Manufacturing Extension Partnership 130 130 142 9.2% 130 0.0% 130 0.0%    
National Network for Manufacturing Innovation 0 25 47 88.0% 5 -80.0% 25 0.0%    
Construction of Research Facilities 50 119 95 -20.2% 50 -58.0% 119 0.0%    
Radiation Physics Building   60 40 -33.3% - - 60 0.0%    

* Excludes $1.89 billion in proposed mandatory spending for the National Network for Manufacturing Innovation and $100 million in proposed mandatory spending for the Construction of Research Facilities account ($20 million of which is for the Radiation Physics Building).

** All figures are in millions of nominal U.S. dollars and are rounded to the nearest million. The percentages are calculated based on the unrounded figures.

Links to Important Documents & Hearings

Document Year
President's Budget Request FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17

 

Committee Hearing Markups Floor Vote Bill Committee Report Administration Statement
Senate Appropriations March 3 April 19 April 21   S.2837 H.R.2578* 114-239 June 14
House Appropriations Feb. 23 May 18 May 24   H.R.5393 114-605  
House Science, Space, & Technology March 16 - - - - -

*The Senate is amending the House-passed version of the Commerce, Justice, and Science Appropriations bill from last year (H.R.2578) with its own bill from this year (S.2837).

NIH

Highlights: National Institutes of Health

  • 2016 has been a rosy fiscal year for NIH, with the biomedical research agency currently benefiting from a $2 billion spending increase above FY15 levels.
  • The president’s budget would pare back that increase by $1 billion or 3.1 percent in FY17. Within its request, the administration asks for increased funding for the BRAIN Initiative, which is aiming to comprehensively map the neurons and regions of the human brain, and for support of a major new Cancer Moonshot Initiative to accelerate research and applications for treating cancer.
  • In their bills, congressional appropriators reject the administration’s proposed cut and instead are pushing for major funding increases for NIH in FY17. The House proposal would increase the NIH budget by another $1.25 billion next year while the Senate proposal would boost it by $2 billion.
  • Both the House’s and Senate’s proposals also include funding increases for all of NIH’s research institutes and full support for the BRAIN Initiative, but do not provide any of the requested mandatory funding for the Cancer Moonshot Initiative.

FY17 NIH Appropriations Summary Table

Funding Line FY15 Actual FY16 Enacted FY17 Request* Change 16-17 House Change 16-17 Senate Change 16-17 Final Change 16-17
NIH 30,311 32,311 31,311 -3.1% 33,561 3.9% 34,311 6.2%    
National Cancer Institute 4,953 5,214 5,097 -2.2% 5,338 2.4% 5,430 4.1%    
National Institute of General Medical Sciences 2,372 2,512 2,434 -3.1% 2,584 2.8% 2,634 4.8%    
National Institute on Deafness & Other Communications Disorders 405 423 416 -1.6% 434 2.6% 442 4.5%    
National Institute of Biomedical Imaging & Bioengineering 327 344 334 -2.8% 357 3.9% 361 5.1%    

* Excludes $1.825 billion in proposed mandatory spending, $680 million of which is for the National Cancer Moonshot Initiative.

** All figures are in millions of nominal U.S. dollars and are rounded to the nearest million. The percentages are calculated based on the unrounded figures.

Links to Important Documents & Hearings

Document Year
President's Budget Request FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17

 

Committee Hearing Markups Floor Vote Bill Committee Report Administration Statement
Senate Appropriations April 7 June 7 June 9   S.3040 114-274  
House Appropriations March 16 July 7 July 13   H.R.5926 114-699  

USGS

FY17 U.S. Geological Survey Appropriations Summary Table

Funding Line FY15 Actual FY16 Enacted FY17 Request Change 16-17 House Change 16-17 Senate Change 16-17 Final Change 16-17
USGS 1,045 1,062 1,169 10.1% 1,080 1.7% 1,068 0.6%    
Ecosystems 157 160 174 8.6% 161 0.3% 158 -1.7%    
Climate & Land Use Change 136 140 171 22.5% 146 4.3% 140 0.4%    
Energy, Minerals, & Environmental Health 92 95 99 5.3% 95 0.0% 95 0.0%    
Natural Resources 135 139 150 7.7% 143 2.8% 142 2.4%    
Water Resources 211 211 228 8.2% 216 2.6% 211 0.2%    
Core Science Systems 107 112 118 6.1% 114 2.0% 116 4.0%    
Science Support 106 106 111 4.7% 106 0.0% 106 0.0%    
Facilities 100 100 117 16.8% 100 0.0% 100 0.0%    

* All figures are in millions of nominal U.S. dollars and are rounded to the nearest million. The percentages are calculated based on the unrounded figures.

 

Links to Important Documents

Document Year
USGS Budget Request FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17

 

Committee Hearing Subcommittee Markup Floor Vote Bill Committee Report Administration Statement
Senate Appropriations March 2 June 14
June 16
  S.3068 114-281  
House Appropriations   May 25
June 15
July 14 H.R.5538 114-632 July 11

STEM

FY17 STEM Appropriations Summary Table

Funding Line FY15 Actual FY16 Enacted FY17 Request* Change 16-17 House Change 16-17 Senate Change 16-17 Final Change 16-17
NSF Education & Human Resources 886 880 899 2.1% 880 0.0% 880 0.0%    
Graduate Research Fellowship1 333 332 332 0.1% - - - -    
Improving Undergraduate STEM Education1 103 105 109 3.8% - - - -    
Research Experiences for Undergraduates2 97 75 76 0.2% - - - -    
Discovery Research PreK-12 84 83 83 0.0% - - - -    
Robert Noyce Teacher Scholarships 61 61 61 0.0%     61 0.0%    
NSF Research Traineeship1 74 54 59 8.3% - - - -    
STEM + Computing Partnerships1 74 64 34* -47.6% - - 52 -19.4%    
Advancing Informal STEM Learning 55 63 55* -12.0% - - 63 0.0%    
Louis Stokes Alliances for Minority Participation 46 46 46 0.0% 46 0.0% 46 0.0%    
Historically Black Colleges & Universities Program 32 35 35 0.0% 35 0.0% 35 0.0%    
Tribal Colleges & Universities Program 14 14 14 0.0% 14 0.0% 14 0.0%    
Hispanic Serving Institutions Program - - - - 30 - 5 -    
INCLUDES1 - 15.5 16 3.2% - - - -    
Department of Education 66,900 68,307 69,388 1.6% 66,800 -2.2% 67,800 -0.7%    
Student Support & Academic Enrichment Grants - - 500 - 1,000 - 300 -    
Mathematics & Science Partnerships 153 153 0 -100% 0 -100% 0 -100%    
STEM Master Teacher Corps - - 10 - 0 - 0 -    
Minority Science & Engineering Improvement 9 10 10 0.0% 10 0.0% 10 0.0%    
NASA Education 119 115 100 -13.0% 115 0.0% 108 -6.1%    

* Excludes $54 million in proposed mandatory spending for NSF's Education and Human Resources Directorate, $30 million of which is for the STEM + Computing Partnerships program and $7.5 million for the Advancing Informal STEM Learning program.

** All figures are in millions of nominal U.S. dollars and are rounded to the nearest million. The percentages are calculated based on the unrounded figures.

1. Part of the funding for this program comes from NSF's research directorates.

2. All of the funding for this program comes from NSF's research directorates.

Links to Important Documents

Document Year
NSF Budget Request FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17
Department of Education Budget Request FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17

 

FYI Bulletins

FYI tracks the major steps of the annual budget cycle for federal agencies which sponsor physical sciences research, from the release of the president’s budget request through congressional hearings to committee and floor action and final appropriations law. The chart below provides links to the FYI bulletins on FY17 budget and appropriations for these agencies.

You can find FYI’s overview of the president’s budget request for fiscal year 2017 here and a summary of the continuing resolution the government is operating under until April 28, 2017 here.

Agency Budget Request Hearings Markups House-Senate Comparison Final Appropriation
DOE #17 #32 (March 1, 2, 3, 9) #37 (March 22) Senate: #47 House: #50 -  
Office of Science #17 #29 (March 2) #53  
NNSA #19 #28 (Feb. 9, 24, March 2) #54  
NSF #15 #34 (March 16) Senate: #49 House: #61 #63  
NASA #18 #42 (March 3) (March 10, 15) #65  
NIST #16 #36 (March 16) #67  
NOAA #21 (March 16) #68  
DOD S&T #20 (Feb. 24, April 12, 20)   #69  
NIH   (March 16, April 7)   #90